Download Alternative Tracks: The Constitution of American Industrial by Gerald Berk PDF
By Gerald Berk
Alternative Tracks offers a singular interpretation of industrialization and political improvement within the usa. targeting the serious case of railroads, Gerald Berk exhibits that substitute types of fiscal association and governmental rules existed within the past due 19th century. Constitutional offerings, no longer technological imperatives or monetary pursuits, made up our minds the result within the 20th century: a centralized regulated in keeping with liberal rules of redistribution. Alternative Tracks unearths a nineteenth-century rival to this political economy―an both effective and extra democratic approach of local railroads regulated based on republican principles.
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Additional resources for Alternative Tracks: The Constitution of American Industrial Order, 1865-1917
Generally held to be most eVective among countries within a single region, diVusion is particularly linked to the growth of interdependence, expanding modes of communication and the spread of information through international media. In this account, crossborder linkages connect policies or developments, and models in one environment can be accessed and observed from another. 12 9 Linz and Stepan, Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation, p. 74. 10 Michael McFaul, ‘Democracy Promotion as a World Value’, The Washington Quarterly Vol.
61 UN Security Council Resolution 1272, S/RES/1272, 25 October 1999. 62 UN Security Council Resolution 1244, S/RES/1244, 10 June 1999. 63 See UNMIK, ‘Report of the Secretary-General Pursuant to Paragraph 10 of Security Council Resolution 1244’, S/1999/672, 12 June 1999, para. 13. ’66 Democratic regime-building has thus been a central concern of each of the three cases examined here, with international actors aiming to oversee a process of regime change while enjoying extensive levels of authority.
The key variable here is actor intention, the presence or 8 See especially Samuel P. Huntington, The Third Wave: Democratization in the Twentieth Century (University of Oklahoma Press, 1991), pp. ), Encouraging Democracy: The International Context of Regime Transition in Southern Europe (Leicester University Press, 1991); Laurence Whitehead, The International Dimensions of Democratization: Europe and The Americas (Oxford University Press, 2001); and Jon C. Pevehouse, Democracy from Above: Regional Organizations and Democratization (Cambridge University Press, 2005).