Human Rights

Download Amnesty International and U.S. foreign policy : human rights by Maria T. Baldwin PDF

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By Maria T. Baldwin

Akira Iriye challenged historians to affix political scientists within the examine of overseas non-governmental companies, saying in worldwide group (2002) that this research presents a clean viewpoint at the evolution of diplomacy and allows us to reconceptualize sleek international background. Baldwin s examine takes in this problem arguing that Amnesty overseas has performed a striking function in shaping U.S. international coverage. Her learn finds that the policymaking setting has been, partly, re-shaped by means of the paintings of Amnesty overseas, accordingly our knowing of the policymaking technique will be improved by way of incorporating reports of INGOs and the importance of sentimental strength into our coverage experiences.

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Extra info for Amnesty International and U.S. foreign policy : human rights campaigns in Guatemala, the United States, and China

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This practice also put AI in good stead with some governmental and intergovernmental bodies, because it does not appear to be reactionary, but reflective and temperate in its calls for action. While governments and the like appreciate this aspect of AI’s work, some other human rights advocates and INGOs have been disappointed by it. Criticism from the Human Rights Community There were three main sources of criticism of AI from the human rights community: the concentration of AI’s membership in the global north, its narrow focus on civil and political rights, and its failure to lead the human rights movement.

Eisenhower administration to ensure that Arbenz’s reforms and leftist insurgency in Guatemala were stopped. President Eisenhower believed Arbenz was at the very least, soft on communism but more likely a stooge for Moscow. This was a belief shared by other high-ranking members of his administration including Secretary of State John Foster Dulles and his brother Allen Dulles, Director of the Central Intelligence Agency; interestingly, both men had also worked for a New York law firm linked closely to the United Fruit Company.

A country campaign was initiated when AI had substantial evidence that the government was complicit in widespread human rights violations. At the same time that AI developed its country campaign—often as a result of its investigations in these countries—AI was aware that some human rights violations were so common they could be found almost anywhere in the world. Human rights violations such as torture and capital punishment did not contain themselves within borders and in some cases were legally imposed.

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