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By Jeremy Bentham

First released in 1789, Jeremy Bentham's best-known paintings continues to be a vintage of contemporary philosophy and jurisprudence. Its definitions of the rules of utilitarian philosophy and its groundbreaking reports of crime and punishment preserve their relevance to trendy problems with ethical and political philosophy, economics, and felony theory.
Based at the assumption that folks search excitement and stay away from discomfort, Bentham's utilitarian point of view kinds a consultant to ethical decision-making. With the "greatest happiness of the best quantity" as his goal, the writer makes an attempt to spot the resources and types of excitement and discomfort in addition to the ways that they are often measured in assessing ethical ideas. issues of intentionality, realization, explanations, and tendencies help Bentham's arguments. The textual content concludes together with his survey of goal and the function of legislations and jurisprudence, a desirable workout within the conception of social reform that explores conflicts among the pursuits of the bulk and person freedom.

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Extra resources for An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation

Sample text

The pleasures of piety are the pleasures that accompany the belief of a man’s being in the acquisition or in possession of the goodwill or favour of the Supreme Being: and as a fruit of it, of his being in a way of enjoying pleasures to be received by God’s special appointment, either in this life, or in a life to come. These may also be called the pleasures of religion, the pleasures of a religious disposition, or the pleasures of the religious sanction. X. 8. The pleasures of benevolence are the pleasures resulting from the view of any pleasures supposed to be possessed by the beings who may be the objects of benevolence; to wit, the sensitive beings we are acquainted with; under which are commonly included, 1.

Her habitual occupations of the amusing kind are apt to be in many respects different from those of the male. With regard to her connexions in the way of sympathy, there can be no difference. In point of pecuniary circumstances, according to the customs of perhaps all countries, she is in general less independent. XXXVI. 26. Age is of course divided into divers periods, of which the number and limits are by no means uniformly ascertained. One might distinguish it, for the present purpose, into, 1.

The pains of awkwardness. 4. The pains of enmity. 5. The pains of an ill name. 6. The pains of piety. 7. The pains of benevolence. 8. The pains of malevolence. 9. The pains of the memory. 10. The pains of the imagination. 11. The pains of ex- 36/Jeremy Bentham pectation. 12. The pains dependent on association. IV. 1. The pleasures of sense seem to be as follows: 1. The pleasures of the taste or palate; including whatever pleasures are experienced in satisfying the appetites of hunger and thirst.

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