Download Analogies at War: Korea, Munich, Dien Bien Phu, and the by Yuen Foong Khong PDF
By Yuen Foong Khong
From international warfare I to Operation barren region typhoon, American policymakers have again and again invoked the "lessons of background" as they pondered taking their country to warfare. Do those ancient analogies really form coverage, or are they basically instruments of political justification? Yuen Foong Khong argues that leaders use analogies no longer in basic terms to justify regulations but additionally to accomplish particular cognitive and information-processing initiatives necessary to political decision-making. Khong identifies what those initiatives are and indicates how they are often used to provide an explanation for the U.S. selection to intrude in Vietnam. counting on interviews with senior officers and on lately declassified records, the writer demonstrates with a precision now not attained by means of prior experiences that the 3 most vital analogies of the Vietnam era--Korea, Munich, and Dien Bien Phu--can account for America's Vietnam offerings. a unique contribution is the author's use of cognitive social psychology to aid his argument approximately how people analogize and to give an explanation for why policymakers frequently use analogies poorly.
Read or Download Analogies at War: Korea, Munich, Dien Bien Phu, and the Vietnam Decisions of 1965 PDF
Best other social sciences books
Partnership operating in future health and Social Care adopts a thematic method of overall healthiness and social care partnerships. With chapters through major foreign commentators, the booklet covers key themes in partnership with a twin specialise in either coverage and perform.
'This is a wonderful advent to the topic. .. The authors' goal is to combine thought, technique and study findings and this they do very effectively' - British ebook information 'David Lee and Howard Newby are to be congratulated on generating this type of stimulating introductory textual content' - community 'While designed with undergraduates in brain, the matter of Sociology could be stimulating analyzing for academics at different degrees' - occasions schooling complement it is a vintage introductory textual content for first 12 months scholars.
By means of advantage of its designated approach to presentation, this pretty and distinguished
book, commemorating the one hundred and twenty fifth anniversary of the founding of the recent York Academy
of Sciences, is either a source-book and a succinct interpretation of the tradition of Bali.
It provides over seven hundred candid images chosen from 25,000 Leica negatives, in a
highly equipped and built-in representation of sure significant positive aspects of Balinese life.
These are observed by way of explanatory reviews, sometimes by way of excerpts from notes
made parallel to the taking of the images, and by way of interpretative summaries pointing
out the relationships among images grouped jointly. The checklist of “visual and
kinaesthetic studying” illustrates the original contribution of the photographic document
at its top. right here the empathy-stimulating caliber of the images, their shiny detail
and beneficiant sequences, hold the reader right into a concrete event of training-inthe-culture
which verbal fabric couldn't supply. The two hundred pages of plates and commentary
are preceded via an essay on Balinese personality via Mead, in descriptive and interpretative
form. This end-result of remark, association, and research is thus
brought into relation to the images.
Additional info for Analogies at War: Korea, Munich, Dien Bien Phu, and the Vietnam Decisions of 1965
6 Interview with author, July 23, 1986, New York City, New York. 410-22. 18 Memo, McGeorge Bundy to the President, July I, 1965, NSC History-Troop Deployment. 17 cusing on options captures the agony of decision-making. In the case of Vietnam, it shows Johnson desperate to find an alternative to intervention, but, for reasons that are the subject of this study, he did not succeed in doing so. This agony and fluidity in the decision-making process suggest that explanations of the U. S. 19 In fact, as I indicate above, when confronted with the same reality-South Vietnam's impending defeat by North Vietnam and the strategic Of systemic implications of such a defeat-those entrusted with protecting the national security of the United States disagreed profoundly on what was to be done.
S. Forces to Vietnam, National Security File (cited hereafter as NSC History-Troop Deployment). This abbreviation follows Larry Berman's Planning a Tragedy: The Americanization of the War in Vietnam (New York: W. W. Norton, 1982), p. 154. See also Lyndon B. JohnSOn, The Vantage Point: Perspectives 'of the Presidency, 19(»-1969 (New York: Rinehart and Winston, 1971), pp. 145-50. 12 Options a, b, c, d, and e (ground war) in the original documents have been "relettered" as Options D', A', B', E' and C' respectively in this book to facilitate comparisons with Options A, B, and C (air war).
95124; see also Alexander George and Timothy J. McKeown, "Case Studies and Theories of Organizational Decision Making," Advances in Information Processing in Organizations 2 (1985): 21-58. • See Michael D. s. Counterinsurgency Pol2 in Viet-Nam bring peace, because we learned from presented in this work. It amounts to being a least likely case for the hypothesis I advance and a most likely case for the rival hypothesis. Under such circumstances, a successful application of the AE framework must be considered powerful substantiation for its core ideas.