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Download Anti-Refugee Violence and African Politics by Ato Kwamena Onoma PDF

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By Ato Kwamena Onoma

Utilizing comparative circumstances from Guinea, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo, this examine explains why a few refugee-hosting groups release large-scale assaults on civilian refugees whereas others chorus from such assaults even if inspired to take action by means of country officers. Ato Kwamena Onoma argues that those assaults occur the place governments instigate them as a result of hyperlinks among a couple of refugees and significant competition teams within the host nation. there's an expanding tendency for students to target militarized refugees and think about refugees as propagators, rather than sufferers, of violence. Onoma reorients the learn of refugees again to a spotlight at the disempowered civilian refugees that represent the vast majority of refugees even in situations of critical refugee militarization, and gives feedback for broader knowing of and coverage strategies for refugee politics and violence.

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98 (November 2003). ” My own work in Guinea and Ghana revealed evidence of many locals posing as refugees to accrue benefits that were otherwise reserved for refugees. Both refugees and locals admitted to this. ” Introduction 23 agencies and is done to accrue benefits. Ethnographic immersion can contribute to convincing research subjects that the researcher is not a humanitarian worker. It is never certain that the researcher will be able to convince everyone no matter how long she spends in the field, and research subjects have good reasons to doubt researchers’ efforts at distancing themselves from humanitarian workers.

22 23 24 25 Cambridge University Press, 1990); Robert H. Bates, When things fell apart: state failure in late century Africa (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008); and Herbst, States and power; Merilee Grindle, Challenging the state: crisis and innovation in Latin America and Africa (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996); and William Reno, Warlord politics and African states (London: Lynne Reinner, 1998), 26 Michael Mann, “The autonomous power of the state: its origins, mechanisms and results,” European Journal of Sociology 25 (1984): 185–213.

The victims of attacks that I study here are those that are not or no longer involved in combat activities, even on a part-time basis. The principle I want to uphold is that most refugees are not even part-timers. If this is accepted, then blanket anti-refugee violence cannot but target many noncombatants. The goal of the project then is to understand why local populations target this category of refugees with violence. This book focuses on generalized violence against refugees. 19 Furthermore, it examines unilateral outbreaks of violence against civilian refugee communities.

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