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Download Applied Spectroscopy: A Compact Reference for Practitioners by Jerry Workman Jr., Art Springsteen PDF

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By Jerry Workman Jr., Art Springsteen

This publication delineates sensible, verified, common equipment for ultraviolet, noticeable, and infrared spectrometry in transparent language for amateur clients, and serves as a reference source for complicated spectroscopists. Applied Spectroscopy contains very important info and equations in an effort to be observed usually. The ebook emphasizes reflectance and colour measurements because of their universal utilization in todays spectroscopic laboratories, and includes equipment for selectinga size process in addition to sunlight and colour measurements. Written by means of specialists within the box, this article covers spectrometry of latest fabrics, ceramics, and textiles, and offers an appendix of functional reference facts for spectrometry. booklet issues comprise: . useful elements of spectrometers and spectrometry . pattern education . Chemometrics and calibration practices . Reflectance measurements . commonplace fabrics measurements. An emphasis is put on reflectance and colour measurements because of their universal utilization in contemporary spectroscopic laboratories. tools for choosing a size method are integrated in addition to sun measurements and reference info on resources, detectors, optical fiber and window fabrics. also, spectrometry of latest fabrics, ceramics, and textiles are lined through respective specialists of their fields. An appendix of sensible reference info for spectrometry and an intensive index also are incorporated. Practitioners, researchers, and scholars will locate this publication priceless of their day-by-day operating job, in instructing, and in experiences.

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C. Uses of UV-VIS for Life Sciences . . . . . . . . . . D. Use of SW-NIR for Organic Composition Analysis . . . . . . E. Typical U V - V I S - N I R Methods . . . . . . . . . . F. Approximate SW-NIR Band Locations for Common Organic Compounds G. Approximate LW-NIR Band Locations for Common Organic Compounds Further Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 30 30 33 34 34 35 35 36 36 37 37 37 37 37 38 38 39 39 40 42 44 45 47 I. Introduction Ultraviolet (UV; 190-380 nm), visible ((VIS; 380-750 nm), shortwave infrared (SW-NIR; 750-1100 nm), longwave near-infrared (LW-NIR; 2500 nm), infrared (2500 nm-400 c m - 1), a n d R a m a n the bulk of the electronic and vibrational 29 mode near1100- spectroscopy comprise measurement techniques.

IV. S a m p l i n g M e t h o d versus Sample Type . . . . . . . . . 57 62 A. B. Transmission Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . T r a n s m i s s i o n Cells (Liquids) . . . . . . . . . . . 62 64 C. D. E. F. G. H. I. G a s Cells . . . . . . . . . . C o m p r e s s e d Pellets . . . . . . . . Oil-Based Mulls . . . . . . . . Self-Supporting Films . . . . . . . Internal Reflectance or A t t e n u a t e d T o t a l Reflectance External or Specular Reflectance .

1. Double monochromator system (dispersive) optical configuration. 2. UV-VIS-NIR SPECTROSCOPY 31 provide a traditional means for reducing the stray light of an instrument at the point of measurement. Double-monochromator instruments are generally used for applications in which a high degree of photometric accuracy and repeatability is required. Optical components with strict specifications are often tested using double-monochromator systems. 0001% T or better. Single monochromators (dispersive; Fig.

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