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Download Aristoteles # Hughes, Philosophy Guidebook to Aristotle on by Gerard Hughes PDF

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By Gerard Hughes

Hughes explains the foremost components in Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics terminology and highlights the talk in regards to the interpretations of his writings. furthermore, he examines the position that Aristotle's ethics proceed to play in modern ethical philosophy through evaluating and contrasting his perspectives with these extensively held at the present time.

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Extra resources for Aristoteles # Hughes, Philosophy Guidebook to Aristotle on Ethics BB

Sample text

So, is eudaimonia then just the possession of a good character? Surely not just that: one might have a good character and spend one’s life in sleep, or in an irreversible coma. A fulfilled life must at least involve acting in such a way as to express the good character that one has. In I, 8 Aristotle returns to this view, and shows how it fits with what many people might have said in the first place. 3 3 In I, 6 Aristotle spends some time in a technical refutation of Plato’s view that to explain a good life one needs to hold that there exists a Form of the Good.

Even if they do, would such activity have anything to do with living a fulfilled life? Could fulfilment, so defined, be a proper basis for ethics? Let us consider these in turn. 14 15 Aristotle’s phrase which I have translated ‘well’ or ‘properly’ is kat’ arete¯ n. What I have said is intended to give the gist of I, 7, 1098a16–18, rather than to translate it exactly. ’ Aristotle speaks of several excellences, where my paraphrase speaks of several activities each properly performed. ’ 4 (1097b28–33), might be to say that if he means to ask whether there 5 are any human activities which other organisms cannot perform, then 6 the answer is that there seem to be many characteristically human activ7 ities: thinking, playing chess, giving to charity, embezzling money, 8 lying, breaking promises, conducting genetic research.

Well, maybe it is easy enough to distinguish ‘higher’ from ‘lower’ pleasures if one takes carefully selected examples like the lager-lout or the beach-bum on the one hand, and, on the other, a woman who takes delight in her family and who has thoroughly enjoyed her career as a barrister. Other examples might not be so simply classified. What about a jockey turned horse-trainer who just loves working with horses? Is that a higher or lower pleasure? 2 1096a10–12. What about a miser who simply wants to have money just for the sake of counting it over and over?

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