Download ASM Handbook: Volume 13B: Corrosion: Materials by Stephen D. Cramer, Bernard S., Jr. Covino PDF
By Stephen D. Cramer, Bernard S., Jr. Covino
This 700-page ASM instruction manual is made out of forty eight peer-reviewed articles on how metals and nonmetals are effected by way of a number of elements.The significant components coated comprise ferrous and nonferrous metals: processed fabrics, and clad metals; distinctive items, together with amorphous fabrics, intermatllics, and steel matrix composites; and on metallics, together with ceramics, concrete, coatings, composites and elastomers. it's also an editorial at the worldwide price of corrosion and a full-color gallery of corrosion harm.
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Additional resources for ASM Handbook: Volume 13B: Corrosion: Materials
32 mil/yr. Source: Ref 13 22 / Corrosion of Ferrous Metals 6 150 Structural carbon steel 5 125 Structural copper steel 4 3 75 ASTM A517, grade F 50 Average penetration, mils Average penetration, µm 100 2 ASTM A242, type 1 (Cr, Si, and Ni added) 25 1 0 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Time, years Fig. 18 Comparative corrosion performance of constructional steels exposed to moderate marine atmosphere at Kure Beach, NC. Source: Ref 19 endurance in industrial atmospheres (Ref 11). It was later found that copper-bearing steels also perform better than plain carbon steels at ocean sites (Ref 12).
It should be noted that many fuels Corrosion of the ductwork is a lowtemperature attack that results mainly from acid condensation. Prevention of this corrosion depends primarily on maintaining flue gas temperatures and metal surface temperatures above acid dewpoints. 002% or less can result in a significant improvement in resistance to HIC. It has also been observed that resistance to HIC can be improved through the use of sulfide shape control techniques. Calcium or rare-earth metals are added to the steel to form calcium or rare-earth sulfides.
In a seawater application, because the corrosion rate is higher, corrosion failure would be more rapid. Thus, from a design standpoint, the corrosion allowance for a low-alloy steel should be greater than that for a low-carbon steel. However, low-alloy steels, have good strength characteristics, and if protective coatings were applied, these steels could be used to advantage. Cathodic protection must be applied with care for high-strength low-alloy steels, because some tend to be more susceptible to hydrogen damage than carbon steel (Ref 21).