Download Atrocities, Massacres, and War Crimes: An Encyclopedia, by Alexander Mikaberidze PDF

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By Alexander Mikaberidze

The 400-plus entries in "Atrocities, Massacres, and battle Crimes: An Encyclopedia" offer obtainable and concise details at the tricky topic of abject human violence devoted on all continents. The entries during this two-volume paintings describe atrocities, massacres, and struggle crimes devoted within the twentieth century, thereby documenting how humans have again and again confirmed their strength to dedicate awful acts of inhumanity even in rather contemporary instances and in the glossy period. The encyclopedia covers international locations, treaties, and phrases; profiles people who have been officially indicted for conflict crimes in addition to those that have dedicated mass atrocities and long gone unpunished; and addresses human rights violations, crimes opposed to humanity, and crimes opposed to peace.

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The Frontier War for American Independence. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole, 2004. Amin, Idi. See Idi Amin (1924/1925–2003). Amritsar Massacre (1919) In early April 1919, Mohandas Gandhi started a civil disobedience campaign 15 16 | Andersonville Prison against the British Rowlatt bills, which empowered the authorities to imprison without trial those suspected of sedition. Despite GandhiÊs efforts to prevent the civil disobedience movement from any deviations from the nonviolence strategy, Punjab was on the brink of violence.

The only vegetables were a very occasional potato·one to a prisoner. To be sure, while WirzÊs deeds may have been exaggerated, there is no doubt that he was a strict disciplinarian and a coarse man in every sense of the word. C. Wirz was the commander of Andersonville Prison and the only Confederate soldier convicted and executed for war crimes after the Civil War. (Library of Congress) The worst abuse at Andersonville was not instigated by the guards or administration; rather, it came from the prisoners themselves.

In Europe and the United States, a powerful anti-apartheid movement developed that brought political pressure on governments to impose economic sanctions on South Africa. After 1984, the economic situation in the country became dimmer as foreign investors shied away from South Africa, and the value of the currency plummeted. In 1985, the conservative administrations in Britain and the United States finally imposed economic sanctions on South Africa. By the late 1980s, the South African regime had no friends or supporters internationally, and it was facing a growing and increasingly confident opposition movement in the cities.

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