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Download Biodiversity in Agriculture: Domestication, Evolution, and by Paul Gepts, Thomas R. Famula, Robert L. Bettinger, Stephen PDF

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By Paul Gepts, Thomas R. Famula, Robert L. Bettinger, Stephen B. Brush, Ardeshir B. Damania, Patrick E. McGuire, Calvin O. Qualset

The advent of plant and animal agriculture represents some of the most vital milestones in human evolution. It contributed to the advance of towns, alphabets, new applied sciences, and eventually to civilizations, however it has additionally awarded a hazard to either human future health and the surroundings. Bringing jointly examine from a number fields together with anthropology, archaeology, ecology, economics, entomology, ethnobiology, genetics and geography, this publication addresses key questions in terms of agriculture. Why did agriculture strengthen and the place did it originate? What are the styles of domestication for crops and animals? How did agroecosystems originate and unfold from their destinations of foundation? Exploring the cultural facets of the improvement of agricultural ecosystems, the ebook additionally highlights how those themes will be utilized to our realizing of latest agriculture, its long term sustainability, the co-existence of agriculture and the surroundings, and the improvement of recent vegetation and kinds.

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Additional info for Biodiversity in Agriculture: Domestication, Evolution, and Sustainability

Sample text

That’s in turn for two reasons: because Eurasia is the biggest continent, and because most of the large wild mammals of the Americas and Australia, but not of Eurasia and Africa, became extinct upon human arrival in the late Pleistocene. But that’s only part of the answer. Eurasia not only has the largest number of large wild mammals, but it also has the largest percentage of them that became domesticated: 13 out of 72 species, or 18% in Eurasia, compared with only 1 out of 24, or only 4% in the Americas, and none out of 51, or 0%, in sub-Saharan Africa (or perhaps 1, if the debate over the site of donkey domestication becomes resolved in favor of sub-Saharan Africa).

Koenig R and P Gepts. 1989. Allozyme diversity in wild Phaseolus vulgaris: further evidence for two major centers of diversity. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 78: 809–17. Kwak M and P Gepts. 2009. , Fabaceae). Theoretical and Applied Genetics 118: 979–92. Kwak M, JA Kami, and P Gepts. 2009. The putative Mesoamerican domestication center of Phaseolus vulgaris is located in the Lerma-Santiago basin of Mexico. Crop Science 49: 554–63. 8 Paul Gepts, Robert Bettinger, Stephen Brush et al. Le Thierry D’Ennequin M, B Toupance, T Robert, B Godelle, and P Gouyon.

Yams were favored staples in both tropical and temperate regions. They were systematically harvested and their reproduction was enhanced by soil disturbance during digging and by both accidental dispersal and deliberate replanting. Such management of wild “round” and “long” yams (Dioscorea bulbifera and D. tranversa) has been widely observed in northern Australia, for example in the Cape York Peninsula (Harris 1977b:433–37), in Arnhem Land (Jones and Meehan 1989:123–25), and in Melville and Bathurst Islands (Goodale 1982).

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