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Download Biographical Encyclopedia of Scientists by John Daintith, Sarah Mitchell, Elizabeth Tootill, Derek PDF

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By John Daintith, Sarah Mitchell, Elizabeth Tootill, Derek Gjertsen

This accomplished compendium brings jointly 2200 scientists who've made very important contributions to the vast international of technological know-how. instead of a Who’s-Who kind laundry checklist, this easy source offers crucial biographical details and makes a speciality of medical fulfillment. certainly, it's as a lot a publication approximately technology because it is ready the impressive scientists who contain the field.

Biographical Encyclopedia of Scientists concentrates at the 'traditional pure’ sciences of physics, chemistry, biology, astronomy, and the earth sciences. It additionally covers drugs and arithmetic and features a collection of those that have made very important contributions to engineering, expertise, anthropology, psychology, and philosophy.

Contains extra Biographies than different Comparably Sized Titles

Written by way of a well-known authority within the box, the basic prose eases readers into refined thoughts, like summary arithmetic and sleek theoretical physics. The booklet highlights all Nobel Prize winners and renowned scientists resembling Keith Campbell, Ian Wilmut, and John Nash. Compiled in A-Z kind, this paintings is the authoritative quantity of its style.

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Here he started on a massive medical textbook, the Canon (Al Qanun). In this, Avicenna collated virtually all preceding medical knowledge and set down his own ideas. Comprising five books, the Canon deals with anatomy, physiology, etiology, diagnosis, obstetrics, drugs, and so on, and runs to over one million words. It subsequently became a standard text throughout Europe and the Middle East until the 17th century, being translated into Hebrew and Latin. During this period, he also wrote his Book of Healing, a comprehensive encyclopedia covering mathematics, logic, natural sciences, and metaphysics and based largely on the ideas of ARISTOTLE and other Greek philosophers.

Sets of five plates were sold to subscribers for about Auenbrugger von Auenbrugg, Joseph Leopold $10 to finance the next set. In this way 200 full sets of Birds of America (1827–38) were published in Britain in 87 parts with 435 plates. Full sets are rarely available for sale – when auctioned they are unlikely to raise less than a million dollars. Audubon returned to America in 1839, where he bought an estate on the Hudson and began to prepare his Viviparous Quadrupeds of North America (3 vols; 1845–48).

This included his account of the paths to spiritual enlightenment, the Book of Directives and Remarks. He also composed some notable works of poetry and wrote on many other topics, including astronomy, physics, and chemistry. Avicenna was frequently involved in the political turmoil of warring Persian states and on several occasions had to escape possible capture and imprisonment. He was fond of wine, women, and, doubtless, song too and prescribed himself a glass of wine to combat fatigue. He died while accompanying the prince on a campaign, evidently of colic and exhaustion.

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