Download British Government: A Reader in Policy-making by Simon James PDF
By Simon James
This reader offers over seventy case reports of coverage making in Whitehall and Westminster, combining newspaper assurance, legit records, educational research and the memories of contributors. Simon James demonstrates many of the ways that coverage originates, how it is formed inside Whitehall, different modes of parliamentary keep an eye on, and the issues of implementation and coverage evaluation. He illustrates civil servants' half in constructing coverage, ministers' kinfolk with their departments and their colleagues, and the position of the best minister and cupboard. Case stories support to ascertain cupboard committees, the impression of strain teams and choose committees in addition to the results of self reliant inquiries, the impression of the ecu group and the restraining energy of parliament and the courts. The case reports diversity from nationwide controversies akin to the pits closure problem and the "Satanic Verses" affair, via to the hidden facet of coverage making together with bargains struck with strain teams in Whitehall convention and wrangling in Brussels over the tax on whisky. Designed as a textbook for A-level scholars and undergraduates, "Policy Making within the British executive" presents a wide variety of resource fabric and research that might be of price to scholars of British politics, coverage making and political associations.
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Extra info for British Government: A Reader in Policy-making
That is not an apolitical position, is it? They are then political. 5 Should we politicise the civil service? The civil service hates the idea of politicising senior posts, and it is no surprise that Sir Douglas Wass took the opportunity in his lectures to deploy the arguments against it. It would lead to the sort of administrative chaos which so often marks a new administration in the United States. It has been my experience to work with the senior members of several American administrations and I have always been struck by the time it takes them to settle into the unfamiliar environment of Washington and to learn the craft of executive government.
When there is a difference between Departments, it should not be referred to the Cabinet until other means of resolving it have been exhausted, including personal correspondence or discussions between the Ministers concerned. If the Ministerial Committee system is to function effectively, appeals to the Cabinet must clearly be infrequent. Chairmen of Committees are required to exercise their discretion in advising the Prime Minister whether to allow them. The only automatic right of appeal is if Treasury Ministers are unwilling to accept expenditure as a charge on the reserve: otherwise the Prime Minister will entertain appeals to the Cabinet only after consultation with the Chairman of the Committee concerned.
Joel Barnett, Inside the Treasury, London: André Deutsch, 1982) Here the dynamics of the committee were largely departmental, with the Treasury against the spending, and Industry and Trade both in favour; but the constituency and factional angles added a certain spice. The Prime Minister wisely appointed a neutral chairman. The compromise outcome was no particular surprise, when you consider that the project had been under way for so long, and was effectively a trade-off between political tolerability (Concorde was a prestige project and jobs were at stake) and the need to minimise the financial cost.