Download Catalytic Activation and Functionalisation of Light Alkanes: by P. L. Villa, S. Rapagnà (auth.), Eric G. Derouane, Jerzy PDF
By P. L. Villa, S. Rapagnà (auth.), Eric G. Derouane, Jerzy Haber, Francisco Lemos, Fernando Ramôa Ribeiro, Michel Guisnet (eds.)
Light alkanes are usually proof against many different types of activation. The horizontal procedure of the current publication covers homogeneous, heterogeneous and organic catalysis, therefore permitting readers to achieve an understanding of development and concepts in examine parts diverse from their very own. The ebook comprises either common chapters, giving an summary of the topic, and specialized contributions that care for the main points and state-of-the-art. a expert document can be integrated which supplies a serious perception into present development and discusses destiny clients and significant demanding situations.
Audience: rookies and senior researchers within the box of alkane activation. The combined theoretical and sensible procedure should be of curiosity to researchers and industrialists alike.
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Additional info for Catalytic Activation and Functionalisation of Light Alkanes: Advances and Challenges
35 (2), 169-212. 14. A. F. (1995) Homogeneous gas-phase partial oxidation of methane to methanol and formaldehyde Fuel processing Technology 42, 129-150. , 15. 1995) Catalytic synthesis of methanol and formaldehyde by partial oxidation of methane Fuel processing Technology 42 151-178) 16. J. D. (1991) Progress in the partial oxidation of methane to methanol and formaldehyde, Catalysis Today, 8 (3), 305. 17. Mitchell, H. L. and Waghorne R. , (1980) Process for the conversion of relatively low molecular weight hydrocarbons, to higher molecular weight hydrocarbons, catalyst-reagents for such use in such process, and the regeneration thereof, US Patent, 4205194, Exxon 18.
According to these calculations the authors proposed the following scheme for the transformation of n-C 4+ cations: / B A' A c D 46 The activation energies obtained for these processes corresponded well with those obtained experimentally, about 8 and 20 KcaVmol for the scrambling and direct isomerisation, respectively. The process has been commercialized by several companies, such as UOP (Butamer process), ABB Lumus Crest, IFP and BP. In all cases the catalyst used is based on a noble metal, Pt, supported on a strongly acidic chlorinated alumina material.
The authors are grateful for the financial support of the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR): Contr. CT11. 9. References. 1. Cedigaz, July 1996. 2. Clerici, G. and Zennaro, R. (1997) Recent trends of research in natural gas utilization, La Chimica e L 'Industria, February, 47-54. 31 3. International Energy Agency. Report on Natural Gas Transportation (1994) OECD Paris, Pag 3. 4. Parkyns, N. , Warburton, C. I. and Wilson, J. D. , Catalysis Today, 18, 385-442. 5. Axeldord, M. , Gaffney A. , Pitchai R.