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Download Change in Public Bureaucracies by Marshall W. Meyer PDF

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By Marshall W. Meyer

This e-book examines intimately the method of switch in 240 urban, county and kingdom public bureaucracies accountable for neighborhood finance management. utilizing the longitudinal approach to research, the information convey organizational constructions to be less strong than traditional stereotypes have urged. Variables corresponding to organizational management, claims to area, and survival (as against substitute or reorganization) have been discovered to mediate environmental results on bureaucracies. The publication additionally discusses conventional theories of forms, theories emphasizing the significance of atmosphere for organizational thought is feasible. The concluding bankruptcy attracts huge theoretical implications from the empirical findings of the research.

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But with new rules and greater demands for impartiality in their ap- Issues in organizational theory 25 plication, new bureaus and layers of authority are created; and they inevitably demand the attention of ongoing bureaus and thereby fragment the environment. The result may be that the effectiveness of bureaucratic structures may be self-limiting in the absence of continual reorganization aimed at restoring correspondences between organizational structure and the environment. To develop this notion further, some discussion of what is meant by organizational environments is required; and the distinction between im­ mediate organizational and larger social environments in which bureaus operate must also be introduced.

The theoretical generalizations developed from these data are tested and for the most part confirmed in the other data sets (Blau, 1972) . The data sets were never pooled, however, and theoretical explanations for effects of organiza­ tional type and environments were not developed. Hage and Aiken . Two researchers at the University of Wiscon­ sin conducted intensive studies of health and welfare agen­ cies in a midwestern metropolitan area in the late 1960s. Sixteen organizations were included in the initial research, the case base increasing to twenty-nine later on.

Blau's Comparative Organization Research Program (CORP) began at the U niversity of Chicago in 1965 and conducted several surveys of relatively Organizational research 45 homogeneous sets of organizations - employment security bureaus, finance agencies, hospitals, retail stores, and man­ ufacturing firms. The research was initially aimed at testing causal propositions derived from Weber's theory of bureau­ cracy and later to developing and refining a formal theory of differentiation in organizations.

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