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By Liviu Giosan, Dorian Q. Fuller, Kathleen Nicoll, Rowan K. Flad, Peter D. Clift
Published by means of the yankee Geophysical Union as a part of the Geophysical Monograph Series.
Climates, Landscapes, and Civilizations brings jointly a suite of experiences at the historical past of advanced interrelationships among people and their setting by way of integrating Earth technology with archeology and anthropology. At a time while weather swap, overpopulation, and shortage of assets are more and more affecting our methods of lifestyles, the teachings of the prior offer a number of reference frames which are important for informing our destiny judgements and motion plans. quantity highlights comprise discussions of a number of connotations of the Anthropocene, landscapes as a hyperlink among weather and people, synoptic methods to discover large-scale cultural styles, nearby reports for contextualizing cultural complexity, and environmental determinism and social idea. Straddling the fields of Earth sciences, anthropology, and archaeology and proposing learn from throughout a number of continents, Climates, Landscapes, and Civilizations will entice a large readership between scientists, students, and the general public at large.Content:
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Much of the existing literature on drought in the Maya lowlands ignores human agency almost entirely. Gill et al. [2007, p. 299] exemplify this in typically dramatic fashion: “There was nothing they could do or could have done. . ” This may have been true in some times and places, but it simply does not correspond to the evidence from about a century of research in the Maya lowlands. 5. ENVIRONMENT, ADAPTATION, AND AGENCY 6. THE TERMINAL CLASSIC COLLAPSE Dualisms have been strongly marked in Western scholarship since at least Descartes and are exempliﬁed by the distinction between the so-called “hard” physical sciences compared to the social sciences as well as differential emphasis on agency (the human ability to act on the world) and structure (patterns or processes that restrict choice) in interpretations of the human past.
D. D. 1500 and 1700 [Anderson, 1994; Smith, 2000]. Ceremonial mounds, the most characteristic artifacts of the chiefdoms, ceased by the end of the sixteenth century (Figure 1). The factors that precipitated the abrupt decline of the Mississippian polities continue to be a subject of heated debate among researchers. Warfare, resource depletion, climate change, and epidemic diseases brought by the European expeditions in the sixteenth century are the most prominent factors invoked [Burnett and Murray, 1993; Hudson, 1997].
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