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Download Closure and Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal System by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and PDF

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By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Army Science and Technology, Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program

Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal approach (JACADS), the 1st totally built-in chemical agent disposal facility, is found on Johnston Island a few 800 miles southwest of Hawaii. JACADS accomplished ten years of operations in November 2000, which ended in the disposal of greater than 2000 hundreds nerve and mustard brokers. In 1998, the military started making plans for closure and dismantling of the power. In 1999, the NRC used to be requested to study the Army's making plans. This ebook provides an evaluation of deliberate and ongoing closure actions on Johnston Island in a few aspect. It additionally presents an research of the most likely implications for closure of disposal amenities at 8 continental U.S. garage sites.

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Explosion containment rooms have 2-foot-thick reinforced concrete floors, walls, and ceilings. Because concrete is a porous material capable of absorbing agent, all concrete surfaces in the JACADS process areas were sealed with an epoxy coating. S. Army, 1999d). The Decontamination Report assumed that application of a decontamination solution to concrete will not be sufficient for personnel to have unrestricted access to agentcontaminated areas, and that removal of the epoxy coating and some surface concrete will be necessary.

The JACADS operations contractor, WDC, submitted and received approval from the Army for a staff retention plan. The implementation of this plan for JACADS personnel retention, transfer, and release will be critical to successful closure. EXIT STRATEGY Defining the end point of any remediation treatment or process for the closure of a chemical agent disposal facility (including JACADS) is critical to limiting the extent and cost of closure activities and to keeping all stakeholders (tenants, owners, nearby communities, employees, and the general public) informed of intended activities.

DETERMINATION OF END USE Because the primary steward and ultimate ownership responsibility for Johnston Atoll have not been determined, the Army has not been able to negotiate final cleanup standards for the JACADS facility. The Stockpile Committee’s letter report noted that a decision on the end use of Johnston Atoll would require the participation of at least four federal departments (Commerce, Defense, Interior, and Transportation) as well as EPA (NRC, 2000a). In the Department of Defense, the Department of the Army (the major tenant) and the Department of the Air Force (the current steward) will play lead roles in various aspects of closure.

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