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By John F. Dooley
When the us declared conflict on Germany in April 1917, it was once woefully unprepared to salary a latest conflict. while their eu opposite numbers already had 3 years of expertise in utilizing code and cipher platforms within the warfare, American cryptologists needed to assist in the construction of an army intelligence unit from scratch. This publication relates the private reports of 1 such personality, delivering a uniquely American viewpoint at the nice struggle. it's a tale of spies, coded letters, plots to explode ships and munitions vegetation, mystery inks, palms smuggling, treason, and determined battlefield messages. but all of it starts off with a faculty English professor and Chaucer pupil named John Mathews Manly.
In 1927, John Manly wrote a sequence of articles on his provider within the Code and Cipher part (MI-8) of the U.S. Army’s army Intelligence department (MID) in the course of global conflict I. released right here for the 1st time, superior with references and annotations for added context, those articles shape the root of a thrilling exploration of yankee army intelligence and counter-espionage in 1917-1918. Illustrating the techniques of prisoners of conflict, draftees, German spies, and traditional americans with secrets and techniques to conceal, the messages deciphered via Manly offer a desirable perception into the mind set of a kingdom at war.
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Extra info for Codes, Ciphers and Spies: Tales of Military Intelligence in World War I
Chapter 4 The AEF and Colonel Moorman John Matthews Manly Abstract The next three Manly articles are all about the cryptographic section of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) in France during the war—G2-A6. This first article (Article I) contains several anecdotes about the AEF. It mentions Major (later Colonel) Frank Moorman as the head of the cryptographic section in France. The article also defines and describes the differences between codes and ciphers and gives some examples. Q. An officer who had come over with General Pershing was helping a newly arrived officer of the General Staff to find his quarters in the vast wooden structure, which had been hastily erected for the home of the head and heart of the American Army in France.
85–88). Of the almost 3,500 artillery pieces the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) used in France, only 477 were of American manufacture, and only 130 of those were used in combat (Ayres 1919, pp. 80–81). Despite possessing the world’s largest automotive industry, the United States had to rely on French tanks for the operations of the AEF’s Tank Corps, and in some instances British and French tank battalions supported US troops. 51,544 US-made trucks were sent to France, and another 50,000 or so trucks were purchased from the British and French.
Little did he know that at that time, there wasn’t even one person in the War Department solving enemy cryptograms. By May 1917 Yardley had worked his way up to Major Van Deman’s ofﬁce and made his pitch to set up a cryptanalytic bureau within MIS. Not having any other better choices (in fact, having no other choices at all), Van Deman took Yardley up on his offer, commissioned him a First Lieutenant, and set him up in charge of a new subsection of MID, MI-8 the Code and Cipher Section (Yardley 1931, pp.