Download Cognitive Reasoning by Oleg M. Anshakov, Tamás Gergely, Tamas Gergely, Victor K. PDF
By Oleg M. Anshakov, Tamás Gergely, Tamas Gergely, Victor K. Finn
Dealing with uncertainty, relocating from lack of know-how to wisdom, is the focal point of cognitive approaches. figuring out those approaches and modelling, designing, and development synthetic cognitive structures have lengthy been demanding study problems.
This e-book describes the idea and method of a brand new, scientifically well-founded normal strategy, and its recognition within the type of clever structures acceptable in disciplines starting from social sciences, corresponding to cognitive technology and sociology, via normal sciences, resembling existence sciences and chemistry, to technologies, comparable to medication, schooling, and engineering.
The major topic constructed within the e-book is cognitive reasoning investigated at 3 degrees of abstraction: conceptual, formal, and realizational. The authors provide a version of a cognizing agent for the conceptual idea of cognitive reasoning, and so they current a logically well-founded formal cognitive reasoning framework to address a number of the believable reasoning tools. They finish with an item version of a cognitive engine.
The e-book is appropriate for researchers, scientists, and graduate scholars operating within the parts of man-made intelligence, mathematical good judgment, and philosophy.
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Additional info for Cognitive Reasoning
Actually this unit controls the switching over of the operating modes of the cognizing agent. Our model distinquishes two modes (or phases) of operation of the cognizing agent: • The mode of interiorisation of the perception • The mode of cognitive reasoning. The main task of the interiorisation phase of perception is updating (retuning) of the reasoning unit. This updating can affect all the components of this unit. The basic action of the interiorisation phase of perception is conversion of data and knowledge into an internal representation (format) of the cognizing agent.
E. it will be acceptable, if it is found to be pragmatically useful. This is the pragmatic aspect of the notion of truth. Moreover, the theory of truth will also support the evaluation of the degree of certainty which permits the handling of the dynamics of the growth of knowledge. In this case the proposed theory of truth provides a process of generation of truth values that is constructive and iterative. This will be the constructive aspect of the notion of truth. The theory of truth will be developed in the framework of a non-classical version for many-valued logic.
How are we going to interpret the notions fact and knowledge in the present work? First, we do not exclude any of the possible interpretations of these notions. As to which interpretation is to be selected, it should be clear from the context or will be specified in each case when these terms are used Second, we prefer a pragmatical point of view. Namely, it is convenient to consider a statement as a fact or knowledge (element of knowledge) depending on the actual situation under scrutiny. Moreover, if it is convenient to consider one and the same statement as a fact at one stage and as knowledge at another one, then we will do so.