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By David Arnold

During this leading edge research of drugs and sickness in colonial India, David Arnold explores the very important function of the country in clinical and public health and wellbeing actions, arguing that Western medication grew to become a severe battleground among the colonized and the colonizers.Focusing on 3 significant epidemic diseases--smallpox, cholera, and plague--Arnold analyzes the influence of clinical interventionism. He demonstrates that Western medication as practiced in India used to be no longer easily transferred from West to East, yet was once additionally formed in accordance with neighborhood wishes and Indian conditions.By emphasizing this colonial size of drugs, Arnold highlights the centrality of the physique to political authority in British India and indicates how medication either motivated and articulated the intrinsic contradictions of colonial rule.

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Extra info for Colonizing the Body: State Medicine and Epidemic Disease in Nineteenth-Century India

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They were employed in a wide range of civilian as well as military duties: they ran civil hospitals, mental asylums, and prisons; they supervised dispensaries, staffed medical schools and research institutes, directed the sanitary services, and acted as advisers to the provincial and central governments. They also (except in special cases like the prison service) enjoyed a right to private practice which might significantly augment their official salaries. 1 Although responsibility for the health of the Indian Army was still described in 1910 as the "first and only indispensable duty" of the IMS, roughly three-fifths of its current strength was deployed in nonmilitary duties.

But even here, within these favored sites and seemingly secure enclaves, Western medicine did not enjoy an automatic authority. The state did not always welcome the advice and initiatives of its medical officers, and within the barracks and the jails many factors combined to thwart and subvert the "colonizing" ambitions of their medical staff. 2011 19:19:50] cover developments within the army and the prisons necessarily provide appropriate or acceptable precedents for the extension and elaboration of state medicine into a viable system of public health.

98 In response to a proposal from the provincial Medical Board in May 1822, the Government of Bengal authorized the training of up to twenty Indian medical recruits for the army or civilian government service. One outcome of this decision was the creation of a Native Medical Institution in Calcutta to provide them with medical instruction. Teaching was conducted in the vernaculars, and a number of medical texts (including a version of Twining's work on the diseases page_54 Page 55 of Bengal) were translated for the purpose.

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