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While it is easy to refer to unstable cases like Italy - which has tended to change government virtually every year - it is also quite easy to find examples of countries, like Luxembourg or Sweden, where coalition governments are the norm and yet where governments enjoy long lives. We will return to this issue in chapter 7 when dealing with international comparisons and other meanings of the word 'stability'. The third requirement of an electoral system, according to the British debate, is that it should incorporate constituency representation.
R. Ware, a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. As Jack Wright (1980: 54) points out, in the debates of the late nineteenth century about Australian independence and the setting up of the federation, considerable interest had been shown in the merits of preferential voting. This interest continued into the early years of the new federation. The basic argument was that FPTP - the system first adopted - risked a situation where parties would suffer unfairly from vote splitting.
Furthermore, what significance has constituency representation in a parliamentary party system which discourages independent action; where MPs are whipped into the voting lobbies? There is not exactly great scope for individual constituency representation in the legislature when MPs are expected to toe the party line. , 1987; Franklin and Norton, 1993), and that such activities clearly affect the personal vote of MPs (Norton and Wood, 1990). However, parliamentary questions represent only a part of the work of the Commons; it is in the area of the legislative role of MPs that questions could perhaps be raised.