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By Kenny Smith, Michael L Kalish, Thomas L Griffiths, Stephan Lewandowsky
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Extra resources for Cultural Transmission and the Evolution of Human Behaviour (Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society series B)
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Behav. 32, 4–14. Mackintosh, N. 1983 Conditioning and associative learning. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Marshall-Pescini, S. & Whiten, A. 2008 Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and the question of cumulative culture. Anim. Cogn. 11, 449–456. 1007/s10071-007-0135-y) Maxwell, R. S. 1936 Remembering in different social groups. Br. J. Psychol. 27, 30–40. Mayr, E. & Provine, W. 1980 The evolutionary synthesis. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. , Richerson, P. , Waring, T. , Efferson, C. & Paciotti, B.
Cognitive, evolutionary and social psychology offer a wealth of hypotheses regarding other potential content biases that might be tested formally using the transmission chain method. For example, Heath et al. (2001) have proposed that cultural transmission is affected by emotional reactions of disgust, and showed using historical data that rumours that elicit disgust are more likely to survive than rumours that do not. Nairne et al. g. relating to food or predators) are recalled better than those same words presented in non-survival contexts, suggesting an ‘ecological’ bias in cultural transmission that might under certain conditions rival the social bias found by Mesoudi et al.