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Download Cut and Run: Illegal Logging and Timber Trade in the Tropics by Rob Glastra PDF

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By Rob Glastra

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Extra resources for Cut and Run: Illegal Logging and Timber Trade in the Tropics

Sample text

The report also presented data on illegally logged areas and estimates of values of illegally traded timber for Cambodia, China, Indonesia (the world’s top tropical plywood exporter), Laos, Malaysia (the number-one exporter of tropical logs, sawn wood, Box 1. Factors facilitating illegalities in the timber sector Certain government policies and regulations can make illegal activities more lucrative or attractive, thereby encouraging them. Or they could place such constraints on concession holders and timber traders that the urge to circumvent regulations becomes almost overwhelming.

Illegality and malpractice in the timber sector have also been reported in Bolivia, Costa Rica, Chile, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay (see Chapter 5), Peru (see Chapter 2), and Suriname. Guyana and Suriname are tragic examples of how large logging companies from Malaysia, Indonesia, China, and Korea are taking advantage of the dire state of local economies, the weak administrations, and the liberalization programs inspired by the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to entice foreign investment.

Nevertheless, evidence collected and published in the past decade gives an indication of the seriousness of the problem, particularly in the tropics and in countries with economies in transition. According to World Bank estimates, 5 000 km2 of tropical forests was logged illegally each year in the early 1990s (EIA 1996). An excellent 1992 international report from TRAFFIC (Trade Record Analysis of Flora and Fauna in Commerce) on illegal logging in the Asia–Pacific region contains, in addition to abundant facts and figures, analyses of illegal activities with a much wider application than the Asia–Pacific region (Callister 1992).

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