Human Geography

Download Dams, Displacement and Development : Perspectives from Río by Nathan Einbinder PDF

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By Nathan Einbinder

Using the case of the Chixoy Hydroelectric Dam in Guatemala, built among 1978 and 1983, this publication examines the consequences of displacement at the former citizens of Río Negro, a neighborhood forcibly evicted and approximately eradicated via the army and paramilitary. utilizing open-ended interview discussions and tales, it specializes in this particular incident of displacement and violence and discusses the results 30 years later. Guatemala’s historical past is affected by improvement tasks that led to displacement, violence, and elevated marginalization of its indigenous and non-indigenous populations. to be able to make manner for improvement tasks corresponding to the construction of bananas, African palm, espresso and sugar cane; the extraction of metals corresponding to gold and nickel; or, during this particular case, the development of a hydroelectric dam, the land-based, predominately Maya campesinos were systematically uprooted from the lands in their delivery and embarked on uncertainty.

The study findings provided, in response to fieldwork performed from January to April 2009, recommend that almost all of survivors from the massacres that came about are nonetheless adversely suffering from the destruction in their households and livelihoods. whereas the situations bearing on this occasion are exact, comparable struggles over land and human rights proceed into the current — and if guidelines stay unchanged, in either overseas improvement corporations in addition to the Guatemalan executive, clashes of this nature in basic terms bring up in time.

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Extra resources for Dams, Displacement and Development : Perspectives from Río Negro, Guatemala

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The point is to offer the reader a better understanding and foundation of the critical position I assume in regard to these topics, while in turn providing an introduction on the contrasting debates surrounding the very meaning and interpretation of development and/or progress. Á Á Á Keywords Development Guatemala history Hydroelectric dams Capitalism Progress Poverty Indigenous peoples Á Á Á When we project modernity, as we define it, as the inevitable destiny of all human societies, we are being disingenuous in the extreme.

Despite the ability for some groups to defend their lands and cultural practices (Lovell 1988; Montejo 2005), the lives and livelihoods of all Indigenous Mayas were forever changed upon the arrival of Pedro de Alvarado and his troop of Conquistadores in 1524. While colonial rule varied widely throughout Guatemala, the Spanish colonists, and later the Ladinos (people of mixed Spanish and Indigenous ancestry), dominated the Maya peoples by displacing them from their original lands, forcing them into serf labor on haciendas or agricultural plantations, and resettling them into locations where they could be more easily controlled.

2002). Indigenous peoples and the environment. Institute of international studies. Berkeley: University of California. Bello, W. (2009). The food wars. London, UK: Verso. Bodley, J. H. (1990). ). Los Angeles, California: Mayfield Publishing Company. Centre for Economic and Social Rights (CESR) and Instituto Centroamericano de Estudios Fiscales (ICEFI). (2008). Economic, social and cultural rights in Guatemala: A selective briefing. Submitted to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights on the occasion of the second session of the Universal Periodic Review May 2008.

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