Download Democratic Governance and Non-State Actors by Anne-Marie Gardner PDF
By Anne-Marie Gardner
This publication investigates no matter if foreign criteria of excellent governance are utilized to sub-state actors in addition to to states. by means of reading the overseas reaction to self-determination claims, this undertaking demonstrates that the overseas neighborhood does certainly carry sub-state teams dependable to such standards. Claimant teams that experience internalized human rights and democratic norms usually tend to obtain foreign help within the type of empowerment (promoting a few type of self-governance). to demonstrate the causal forces at paintings, the booklet provides 3 qualitative case studies--Kosovo, Nagorno-Karabakh, and the Western Sahara--to reveal that predictable adjustments within the overseas reaction take place as foreign conception of every claimant group’s democratic checklist varies over time.
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Extra resources for Democratic Governance and Non-State Actors
The first section of this chapter will demonstrate why other approaches, which focus primarily on geopolitical factors such as military or economic interests or on codified international law alone, fail to offer a compelling or complete argument to explain the international response to self-determination claims. Then I present my model and hypotheses, suggesting that the international community assesses how well the claimant group adheres to democratic governance standards in order to decide whether and how to support the group.
Intergovernmental organizations (IGOs), the best embodiment of the international community, establish parameters for the resolution of contemporary self-determination claims within the rubric of these norms, holding the claimant group accountable to international standards normally applied to states. 1). 1 Normative Standards Great power material interests; regional stability International human rights laws; standards for popular sovereignty Realist approach Legalist approach Balance of power among domestic actors; preservation of status quo structures Nature and actions of claimant group; compatibility of domestic structures to international norms Neo-institutionalist or modified Realist approaches Liberal approach (regime type and interactive effects) International Domestic 23 Assessing Self-Determination Claims: Myriad Factors.
Higher levels of support (empowerment) from the international community for a self-determination claimant group are more likely when the group displays greater democratic capacity. In the following sections, I define the development of the model’s variables by tracing the prevalence of democratic standards in the international environment and detailing how these core ideas are transformed into operational concepts for assessing the self-determination claimant group. My model concentrates on the interaction of norms across levels, both because this process has been underemphasized in prior discussions of self-determination and also because these norms appear key to giving content to the concept of self-determination in the post–Cold War era.