Download Economic Development and Environmental Gain: European by Keith Clement PDF
By Keith Clement
This quantity comprises targeted info and evaluation of incentives and coverage tools on hand inside Europe to motivate stable perform, and of the way to accomplish environmental achieve in local financial programmes. It describes a suitable method for securing better environmental profit and explores the potential of reaching local environmental competitiveness. There are insights in keeping with large overseas comparative adventure of programme review.
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Additional info for Economic Development and Environmental Gain: European Environmental Integration and Regional Competitiveness
Nevertheless, the Third EAP was not successful in achieving integration within other EU policy areas. The Fourth EAP, from 1987-1992, was more forceful, emphasizing the need forimproved enforcement and for better interactionbetween economic and environmental policies: As a key factor in economic decision-making, environmental protection policy and strict environmental protection standards optionalextrabut a sinequa non forthequality Community’s citizens expect (CEC, 1987). are no longer an of lifethatthe It further stated that environmental integration with other European Community policies should be a central part of the commission’s efforts.
There have been five EAPs since the early 1970s, each covering approximately a five-year period. The Fifth EAP is of greatest sigruficance, ENVIRONMENTIN THE EUROPEAN U N I O N 37 buttheprevious programmes also contributed to the environmental momentum. The early programmes were reactivein nature. The First EAP ran from 1973 to 1977, setting out the objectives of EC environment policy and listing the remedial actions required. Its approach was totackle environmental problems after theyhad happened (CEC, 1973).
Althoughsuch stand-off situations still occur, typicallyin developing countries, this restricted view is rapidly diminishing in status. New scenarios present a broader and more optimistic perspective,and economic development in Europe is increasingly providing evidence of generating positive environmental impact, especially in the formulation and implementation of regional programmes. 1). The first and most enduring image of environmental loss corresponds to a passive scenario in which environmental degradationthrough economic development is regarded as inevitable.