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Download Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology: Health and Illness in by Elisa J. Sobo (auth.), Carol R. Ember, Melvin Ember (eds.) PDF

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By Elisa J. Sobo (auth.), Carol R. Ember, Melvin Ember (eds.)

Medical practitioners and the standard citizen have gotten extra acutely aware that we have to comprehend cultural edition in clinical trust and perform. The extra we all know how future health and disorder are controlled in several cultures, the extra we will be able to realize what's "culture certain" in our personal scientific trust and perform.

The Encyclopedia of scientific Anthropology is exclusive since it is the 1st reference paintings to explain the cultural practices correct to wellbeing and fitness within the world's cultures and to supply an summary of vital themes in clinical anthropology. No different unmarried reference paintings comes with reference to marching the intensity and breadth of knowledge at the various cultural historical past of well-being and affliction around the globe. greater than a hundred specialists - anthropologists and different social scientists - have contributed their firsthand adventure of clinical cultures from round the world.

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Read or Download Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology: Health and Illness in the World’s Cultures Volume I: Topics Volume II: Cultures PDF

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Additional resources for Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology: Health and Illness in the World’s Cultures Volume I: Topics Volume II: Cultures

Sample text

Populations with high infant mortality may have low life expectancies because of a large number of deaths at young ages; such populations might still have many people living to older ages. liminality. Can refer to any transitional or in-between state, but usually refers to the transitional state in a rite of passage where an individual lacks status and prescribed codes of conduct. lineage. A set of kin whose members trace descent from a common ancestor through known links. longhouse. A multifamily dwelling with a rectilinear floorplan.

Polygenic. Disorders caused by the combined action of alleles from more than one gene. polygyny. The marriage of one man to more than one woman at a time. polymorphism. In genetics the regular occurrence in a breeding population of two or more forms of an allele of a gene; the frequency of the rarer allele cannot be explained by mutation alone and may be explained by greater adaptive fitness of the heterozygote condition (as in balanced polymorphism). polytheistic. Recognizing many gods, none of whom is believed to be superordinate.

5 The Bigger Picture Semantic debates notwithstanding, over time, what has become known, for better or worse, as “medical anthropology” has become more influential in anthropology as a whole. Theoretical and methodological advances have informed and inspired the larger discipline, and larger disciplinary debates concerning culture, power, representation, social structure, and other issues increasingly reflect advances stemming from medical anthropology research and practice. This reverse in the flow of ideas marks medical anthropology’s move from the margin into the mainstream of the field (Johnson & Sargent, 1990; see also Singer, 1992).

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