Download Environmental Dilemmas: Ethics and decisions by R.J. Berry PDF
By R.J. Berry
This e-book is an account of the criteria that experience to be weighed in making judgements concerning the air we breathe, approximately power assets, land use, animal welfare, commerical revenue and so forth. it is going to be of curiosity to managers, historians, sociologists, yet mainly for environmental scientists pressured to make judgements on imperfect or incomplete facts.
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Extra info for Environmental Dilemmas: Ethics and decisions
But there are countries where there are areas that are relatively wild (as some small parts of Scotland, and larger parts of the USA and Australia). I would argue that the treatment of such areas is a matter of concern and, again for a number of reasons, at least some of them should be left relatively free from h u m a n meddling. The really difficult and interesting issues arise, it seems to me, for areas that are clearly home to groups of people, and where the recent impact of h u m a n populations has led to species loss, erosion, changes in the water table and so on.
Loss of biodiversity; transboundary pollution; the role of war, and preparations for it; populations, resources and poverty; and global economic relations and environmental destruction. There is not total silence on these issues. What is lacking is any proper study of each on its own or a thorough account of its interconnections with the other problems. Thus poverty is mentioned as a cause of environmental destruction but the causes of poverty are not themselves analysed. The loss of tropical forest is deplored but the connections between this and the importation of cheap soya and tapioca feedstuffs for the European bacon industry are not mentioned*.
The natural resource which was of special importance at the beginning of settlement was the forest (Lillard, 1947). Forests provided the w o o d for Britain's navy, especially when access to Baltic wood was prevented, as during the first Dutch War of 1652. The King's foresters marked great pine trees for ship masts and bent live oaks for timbers of naval vessels; special ships were constructed to take these resources to England. The forests provided much of the material and energy for the emerging American industrial revolution, and the lake states' forests and western forests provided the lumber for expansion of settlement.