Download Environmental Ethics: Duties to and Values in The Natural by Holmes Rolston PDF
By Holmes Rolston
Provides an account of values carried through the flora and fauna, coupled with an inquiry into tasks towards animals, vegetation, species, and ecosystems. This paintings illustrates the philosophy of nature with various real examples of moral judgements made in encounters with fauna and flowers, endangered species, and threatened ecosystems.
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Extra info for Environmental Ethics: Duties to and Values in The Natural World
However much the native wildness is domesticated, humans want some wildness preserved, for it comes to express the values of the culture superimposed on it. What would be the impact on American hopes if the bald eagle became extinct? On New Hampshire of the loss of Franconia Notch and the Great Stone Face? What are the psychological connections between the Mississippi River and the state of Mississippi? Between the Scots and Loch Lomond? Would not the death of the last bighorn lower the perceived quality of life in Colorado?
Cultural-Symbolization Value The bald eagle symbolizes American self-images and aspirations (freedom, strength, beauty), as does the bighorn ram, a "state animal" for Coloradoans. Flowering dogwood and the cardinal characterize Virginia. The pasqueflower is the state flower of South Dakota, the alligator a symbol for Florida, the moose for Maine, the maple leaf for Canada, the trillium for Ontario, the arbutus for Nova Scotia. The lion is a British symbol; the Russians have chosen the bear. Natural areas enter local cultural moods-Grandfather Mountain in western North Carolina, Natural Bridge and the Shendandoah River in central Virginia.
A lover has a valuable experience, but what he values is not the experience alone, reducing its object to a precursor; he values also the existence of his beloved. We concede that this is true of those who love persons; why is it not true of those who love penguins? Man may be (in some advanced senses) the only measurer of things, but it does not follow that man is the only measure of things. Everything I value involves a value owned by me; everything I desire, a desire owned by me. But it does not follow that all my desires are selfish because they are my desires.