Download Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries by Asit K. Biswas and S. B. C. Agarwal (Eds.) PDF
By Asit K. Biswas and S. B. C. Agarwal (Eds.)
Environmental influence evaluation (EIA) is now a compulsory method for venture approval in all international locations. This ebook brings jointly stories in EIA (Environmental impression overview) for various sorts of venture from assorted components of the realm, comprehensively discussing regulations followed, methodologies used, their relative successes and screw ups, institutional possible choices, felony frameworks, schooling and coaching, in addition to a number of case reports
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Additional info for Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries
Was this indifference because environmental consciousness had not then grown? Pollution and generation of energy from coal The conversion of stored thermal energy of coal into thermal/electrical energy occurs through the simultaneous occurrence of three independent processes: 1 2 3 combustion of pulverized coal in the furnace of a boiler with the help of oxygen drawn from atmospheric air; conversion of demineralized water circulating through thousands of water and steam tubes which are heated by the heat energy released by the combustion of coal and conversion of the heat energy of superheated steam into mechanical energy inside the steam turbine in a manner that helps to drive the generator producing electricity.
72 lakhs Rs. 50 lakhs Rs. 00 lakhs Rs. 00 lakhs Rs. 5 lakhs/ha Sub-total Rs. 00 lakhs Rs. 00 lakhs Cost of environmental protection measures The capital costs of individual items have been detailed in the earlier sections. The total capital cost based on a cost index of 341 in May 1987 (reference 100 in October 1976) is Rs. 22 lakhs. The cost of the existing trees has not been included in this as it is under evaluation by the State Forest Department. This cost is estimated as losses of timber, fuelwood, minor forest produce including loss of man hours of people deriving livelihood by harvesting this produce, animal husbandry productivity, fodder and cycle, wildlife habitat, microclimate (upsetting ecological balance).
Indian forest cover has drastically shrunk — more so perhaps in the postindependence era and estimates of the forest cap vary between 8-11 per 56 Environmental Impact Assessment for Developing Countries cent of the geographical area. 3 million hectares of forest cover was permanently destroyed (The Hindustan Times, 1988). India's annual requirement of wood is of 150 million tonnes of which nearly 80 per cent is used as firewood. Against this, the quantity of wood that can be obtained on a renewable basis is a mere third of anticipated consumption.