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Download Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, Fourth Edition, Volume 5 by Laurie J. Fundukian PDF

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By Laurie J. Fundukian

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Extra resources for Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, Fourth Edition, Volume 5 (P-S)

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Paget’s disease of bone corrected by the implantation of a dual-chamber pacing system. Normal results Pacemakers that are properly implanted and programmed can correct a patient’s arrhythmia and resolve related symptoms. org. Paula Anne Ford-Martin Packed cell volume see Hematocrit Packed red blood cell volume see Hematocrit Paget’s disease of bone Definition Paget’s disease of bone (osteitis deformans) is the abnormal formation of bone tissue that results in weakened and deformed bones. Description Named for Sir James Paget (1814–1899), this disease affects 1–3% of people over 50 years of age, but affects over 10% of people over 80 years of age.

There are no diagnostic tests that can determine the quality or intensity of an individual’s pain. Therefore, a medical examination will include a lot of questions about where the pain is located, its intensity, and its nature. Questions are also directed at what kinds of things increase or relieve the pain, how long it has lasted, and whether there are any variations in it. An individual may be asked to use a pain scale to describe the pain. One such scale assigns a number to the pain intensity; for example, 0 may indicate no pain, and 10 may indicate the worst pain the person has ever experienced.

These changes may also occur in the absence of an identifiable cause; one of the frustrating aspects of chronic pain is that the stimulus may be unknown. For example, the stimulus cannot be identified in as many as 85% of individuals suffering lower back pain. Scientists have long recognized a relationship between depression and chronic pain. In 2004, a survey of California adults diagnosed with major depressive disorder revealed that more than one-half of them also suffered from chronic pain. Other types of abnormal pain include allodynia, hyperalgesia, and phantom limb pain.

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