Human Geography

Download God and Humans in Islamic Thought: Abd al-Jabbar, Ibn Sina by Maha Elkaisy-Friemuth PDF

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By Maha Elkaisy-Friemuth

Winner of The Iranian global Prize for the publication of the yr 2007 within the Philosophy and Mysticism class. This new and unique textual content offers a well timed second look of Islamic inspiration, providing a stark distinction to the extra ordinary conservative view. the reason of the connection among God and people, as portrayed in Islam, is frequently inspired through the photographs of God and of people which theologians, philosophers and mystics take into consideration. The early interval of Islam unearths a variety of interpretations of this dating. Elkaisy-Friemuth discusses the view of 3 students from the 10th and 11th century: Abd al-Jabbar, Ibn Sina and Al-Ghazali, which introduce 3 diversified methods of the connection among God and people. God and people in Islamic notion makes an attempt to make clear a major facet of medieval rational suggestion in demonstrating its value in forming the root of an figuring out of the character of God, the character of people and the development of other bridges among them.

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Additional resources for God and Humans in Islamic Thought: Abd al-Jabbar, Ibn Sina and Al-Ghazali (Culture and Civilization in the Middle East)

Example text

Ib Ibn ‘Abbmd, the vizier of Prince Mn’ayyd al-Dawla and Prince Fakhr al-Dawla, the two brothers of ‘A,ud al-Dawla, was looking for a new chief judge for al-Rayy. mq al-Naxlblnl. ib did not like al-Naxlblnl and asked for someone else, whereupon Abn ‘Abdullah sent him ‘Abd al-Jabbmr. ‘Abd al-Jabbmr was appointed chief judge of Rayy sometime between AD 972 and 977. ib in AD 995. 57 However, at the end of the work, ‘Abd al-Jabbmr mentions some other books which he also dictated in the same period.

He introduces the concept of Necessary Existence to explain that God’s unity means that He is One because His existence is within His essence, whereas the existence of all other beings is dependent on another. Chapter 3, in the main, seeks to reveal some of the characteristics of Ibn Slnm’s new contributions which led him to compose the last Sufi-influenced part of al-Ishmrmt wa al-Tanblhmt (Remarks and Admonitions), which demonstrates the ultimate relationship between the Divine and some human souls.

108 A good deal of both Shar. ym’ are taken Historical and cultural context 31 from Mlzmn. In this work he tries to find the connection between theoretical sciences and the practical actions which constitute human behaviour. After Ghazmll became famous in Baghdmd, he passed through a crisis, ending with his finding certitude in Sufism. When he left Baghdmd this time he probably stayed in Damascus for a while on his way to Mecca. It is also possible that he visited Egypt and stayed there for a short time either on the way to Mecca or at an earlier period from Baghdmd.

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