Download Great Psychologists and Their Times: Scientific Insights by Dean Keith Simonton PDF
By Dean Keith Simonton
Книга nice Psychologists and Their occasions: clinical Insights into Psychology's... nice Psychologists and Their occasions: clinical Insights into Psychology's historical past Книги Психология, философия Автор: Dean Keith Simonton Год издания: 2002 Формат: pdf Издат.:American mental organization Страниц: 554 Размер: 1,2 ISBN: 155798896X Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:Chapters are wealthy in examples drawn from the lives and careers of nota ble psychologists, studying such concerns as beginning order, psychopatholo gy, and highbrow precocity. Of specific curiosity are chapters ex ploring what facets of the sociocultural context are such a lot conducive t o the emergence of illustrious psychologists and the way those sociocultur al conditions-including political occasions, monetary disturbances, or cu ltural values-affect not just the value of feat but additionally th e very nature of that success. The findings reviewed result in sugge stions approximately how top to teach and teach either undergraduate psycholo gy majors and graduate scholars in psychology. This ebook could be a use ful source for all psychologists, scientists, and historians who're keen to think about the provocative overlap among psychology, technological know-how , and heritage.
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Thus, the most appropriate baseline for Donders should be contributors who were born in 1818 or who received their MDs in 1842. If otherwise, a Prolific psychologist of one era would convert into a Mass Producer in the next, and a Perfectionist might enter the lists of the Silents. It would then be difficult to comprehend why certain obscure psychologists attained such eminence in the history of the discipline. EMINENCE The use of citation indicators to assess a psychologist’s impact was necessarily a recent development.
Nonetheless, it is clear that the dispersion is impressive. According to Dennis (1954c), “the most productive man published more titles than the 80 persons who make up the lower five deciles” (p. 191). Furthermore, the 16 psychologists who make up the top decile represent almost uniformly a distinguished group. Dennis listed them in alphabetical order as follows: Mary W. Calkins, June Downey, Knight Dunlap, C. E. Ferree, Shepard I. Franz, M. E. Haggerty, C. H. Judd, J. H. Leuba, Max F. Meyer, L.
More than half of the research, in fact, was not cited at all! That represents a huge quantity of silent research. One final aspect of the quantity–quality association must be noted. Although the correlation is very high, it is far from perfect. 70 leaves room for considerable scatter around the bivariate regres46 GREAT PSYCHOLOGISTS AND THEIR TIMES sion line. As a consequence, nothing prevents an investigator from creating artificial groups of Silents, Prolifics, Perfectionists, and Mass Producers from any given data set.