Download HANDBOOK OF OPTICS by Michael Bass (Ed.) PDF
By Michael Bass (Ed.)
V. 1. basics, ideas, and layout -- v. 2. units, measurements, and houses -- v. three. Classical optics, imaginative and prescient optics, X-ray optics -- v. four. Fiber optics and nonlinear optics
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Extra resources for HANDBOOK OF OPTICS
The output of a system in polychromatic light is the sum of outputs at the constituent wavelengths. Systems Considered The optical systems considered here are those in which spatial variations of surface features or refractive indices are large compared to the wavelength. In such systems ray identity is preserved; there is no ‘‘splitting’’ of one ray into many as occurs at a grating or scattering surface. The term lens is used here to include a variety of systems. Dioptric or refracti e systems employ only refraction.
Geometric optics is deceptive in that much that seems simple is loaded with content and implications, as might be suggested by the fact that some of the most basic results required the likes of Newton and Gauss to discover them. Most of what appears complicated seems so because of obscuration with mathematical terminology and excessive abstraction. ’’ One consequence is that what has been long known can be lost if it is not recirculated by successive generations of textbook authors, who are pressed to fit newer material in a fairly constant number of pages.
Hopkins 197017). Ray and wave optics are related by the importance of path length in both (Walther 1967,18 Walther 196919). In wave optics, optical path length is proportional to phase change, and the extremum principle is associated with constructive interference. The more alike the path lengths are from an object point to its image, the less the differences in phase of the wave contributions, and the greater the magnitude of the net field. In imaging this connection is manifested in the relationship of the wavefront aberration and the eikonal.