Human Rights

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By Andrew Clapham

From the arguable incarceration of prisoners at Guantanamo Bay, to the brutal ethnic detoxing being practiced in Darfur, to the frequent denial of equivalent rights to ladies in lots of components of the area, human rights violations are a continuing presence within the information and in our lives. Taking a world point of view, and targeting hugely topical concerns reminiscent of torture, arbitrary detention, privateness, healthiness, and discrimination, this Very brief creation can help readers to appreciate for themselves the controversies and complexities in the back of this vitally proper factor. taking a look at the philosophical justification for rights, the old origins of human rights and the way they're shaped in legislations, Andrew Clapham explains what our human rights truly are, what they may be, and the place the human rights move is heading.

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The tale american citizens are wont to inform themselves approximately their country is a compelling one: the U.S. is a strength for reliable on the earth, a haven for wealthy upward mobility, and a stalwart defender of democracy and human rights abroad.

With The Racket, veteran investigative journalist Matt Kennard pulls again the curtain and divulges a miles darker fact. the image of the US he paints is significantly at odds with that noble photo: via Kennard’s eyes we see one other the United States, one who has lashed the realm to a neoliberal imaginative and prescient and has rewarded prosperous elites on the cost of normal humans, actual freedom, and the worldwide surroundings. construction his case from greater than 2,000 interviews with officers, intellectuals, and artists around the globe, together with Noam Chomsky, Naomi Klein, Howard Zinn, John Pilger, and Banksy, Kennard unearths how we're offered a dream and the way that dream obscures the truth of the company country, mass incarceration, and the evisceration of human rights.

A ringing polemic that’s powerfully rooted actually, The Racket is as guaranteed to be arguable because it is to fire up severe reform and revolt.

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“A the most important exposé of the strong, of injustice, and of the conflict opposed to the bad. it may motivate we all to struggle again. ” —Owen Jones, writer of Chavs and The Establishment

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Extra resources for Human Rights: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)

Sample text

Due to political disagreements about including all types of rights within one treaty, the General Assembly requested the Commission to draft two separate covenants - one on 'civil and political' rights, and another on 'economic, social and cultural' rights. On 16 December 1966, the General Assembly adopted the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Both came into force in 1976. The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights covers human rights in areas including education, food, housing, and health care, as well as the right to work and to just and favourable conditions of work.

Appeals to rights as derived through irrefutable logic and entitlement are today somehow more immediately convincing than concepts such as 'social contract', 'the law of nature', or 'right reason'. Brigitte convinces the police through an appeal to a logical entitlement to a right to park on the pavement. An appeal for generosity, forgiveness, humanity, or charity would have involved a different gesture. Third, a shared sense of grievance provides powerful succour for those claiming their 'rights'.

The former Prime Minister of Rwanda, Jean Kambanda, was sentenced to life imprisonment for genocide and crimes against humanity. Radislav Krstic, Chief of Staff of the Bosnian Serb Army (Drina Corps), was sentenced to 35 years' imprisonment for aiding and abetting genocide in Srebrenica by allowing military personnel under his command to be used for the murder of about 8,000 men (see Box 7). Even if crimes against humanity were generally seen as something different from human rights, today genocide and other crimes against humanity are increasingly seen as part of the human rights story.

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