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Download Human Security And the UN: A Critical History by S. Neil MacFarlane PDF

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By S. Neil MacFarlane

How did the person person develop into the point of interest of the modern discourse on protection? What used to be the function of the United international locations in ''securing'' the person? What are the payoffs and prices of this extension of the concept that? Neil MacFarlane and Yuen Foong Khong take on those questions by means of examining historic and modern debates approximately what's to be secured. From Westphalia in the course of the nineteenth century, the state’s declare to be the item of protection was once sustainable since it provided its topics a few degree of safety. The state’s skill to supply defense for its electorate got here below heavy pressure within the twentieth century due to technological, strategic, and ideological thoughts. via the top of worldwide struggle II, efforts to reclaim the protection rights of people accumulated velocity, as visible within the common assertion of Human Rights and a bunch of United countries covenants and conventions. MacFarlane and Khong spotlight the UN’s paintings in selling human protection principles because the Nineteen Forties, giving distinct emphasis to its function in extending the inspiration of safety to incorporate improvement, fiscal, environmental, and different matters within the Nineteen Nineties.

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Extra info for Human Security And the UN: A Critical History

Example text

3 In taking a deep historical approach, we depart from the pattern in other studies in this series to take up an idea when it intersects with the UN (both as 23 24 The Archaeology of Human Security an organization of sovereign states and as a cluster of bureaucracies). The bulk of the analysis in this book focuses on the evolution of the UN’s discussion of security. However, for reasons that we hope become clear in what follows, the roots of the emergence of human security lie in the justification of the state and its sovereignty and the manner in which changes in the social context of the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries drew that justification into question.

19 20 The Archaeology of Human Security Yet Chapter 1 shows that there was a persistent historical tendency to view the purpose of the polity to be the protection and welfare of those individuals subject to it and to question the absolute rights of the state where its actions conflicted with its subjects’ interests or core values. The question of whether the individual was obliged to surrender these values where they conflicted with state interests seems to be as old as reflection on relations between state and society.

This in turn enhanced the power of the state. The Prehistory of Human Security 25 Much of the analysis in this chapter focuses on Europe. 4 In addition, the reification of national security is largely of European origin. It is by and large a product of historical and ideational processes that occurred in the European system from the rise of the absolutist state through the Thirty Years War, the Treaty of Westphalia, and the eighteenth-century balance-of-power system to the French Revolution and the rise of nationalism in the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.

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