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Download Industrial Collaboration in Nazi-Occupied Europe: Norway in by Hans Otto Frøland, Mats Ingulstad, Jonas Scherner PDF

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By Hans Otto Frøland, Mats Ingulstad, Jonas Scherner

This ebook brings jointly prime specialists to evaluate how and no matter if the Nazis have been profitable in fostering collaboration to safe the assets they required in the course of international conflict II. those reviews of the profession regimes in Norway and Western Europe display that the Nazis constructed hugely refined tools of exploitation past oppression and looting. The authors spotlight that during comparability to the heavy production industries of Western Europe, Norway may provide many uncooked fabrics that the German conflict desktop desperately wanted, reminiscent of aluminium, nickel, molybdenum and fish. those chapters reveal that the Nazis supplied incentives to foster monetary collaboration, hoping that those might make each mine, manufacturing facility and smelter produce at its optimum point of skill. All readers will know about the original a part of Norwegian financial collaboration in this interval and notice the wealthy context of monetary collaboration throughout Europe in the course of global battle II.

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Sample text

How does that affect the governance capabilities of the occupier within the conquered territory? There is no easy answer to this question, particularly due to the lack of a German blueprint for occupation beyond a few overarching ideas and ambitions. In the countries in the West, which Hitler did not regard as “natural enemies,” the main objectives were to maintain strategic control by the Wehrmacht, ensure economic exploitation of their productive capabilities, as well as gradual Germanization of the “racially valuable” parts of the population.

59 This strategy, they argue, stemmed from Hitler’s reluctance to place the full burden of war on the German population and risk an internal upheaval. According to this view, the strategy changed only in late 1941 after the Red Army had brought the German Wehrmacht to a halt near Moscow and the USA had entered the war. Confronted with the prospect of a long-lasting war against the USA and Soviet Russia, the German military planners realized that they had to considerably increase armament production.

Economic collaboration is a better description of what transpired during the war years than adaptation, as the latter places agency and responsibility with the Germans. In the economic realm, the Norwegians proved more than willing to assist the Germans in managing the economy, which was a prerequisite if the German strategy of exploitation through coopting was to succeed. Norwegians participated in their own occupation by issuing new regulations for taxation and economic activity, allocating and rationing scarce resources, as well as directing labor to German work sites.

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