Download Integrated Optics: Theory and Technology by Robert G. Hunsperger PDF
By Robert G. Hunsperger
Integrated Optics: idea and Technology presents a finished and thorough therapy compatible to be used either as a lecture room textual content (practics difficulties are integrated) and as a specialist's reference. designated descriptions of the phenomena, units, and know-how utilized in optical built-in circuits and their courting to fiber optics are offered. during this fourth variation all chapters were revised, and .....?
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These are relatively simple, including an electro-optic modulator, a Mach-Zehnder interferometric modulator a 2 x 2 electro-optic switch and an optical amplifier. 5. 5. 2 Substrate Materials for Optical Integrated Circuits 13 In addition to the relatively simple LiNb03 OIC's that are commercially available, a number of relatively complex LiNb03 OIC's have been demonstrated in the laboratory. 37], will be discussed at length in Chap. 17. It is quite likely that relatively sophisticated LiNb03 OIC's of this nature will find their way to the commercial market within the next few years.
4. Finally, in Chap. 5, optical losses in waveguides are described, and techniques used to measure those losses are discussed. Once the design and fabrication of the optical waveguide has been considered, the next immediate question is that of efficiently coupling optical energy into or out of a waveguide. Chapter 6 describes a number of ways for accomplishing this aim. Since much of the laboratory research in OIC's involves the use of conventional (non-integrated) lasers, we consider prism and grating couplers, which are suitable for the beams of light emitted by such sources.
8) Remembering that k == wlc, it can be seen that 13, hand kn2 are all propagation constants, having units of (length)-l. A mode with a z direction propagation constant 13m and an x direction propagation constant h can thus be represented by a plane wave travlling at an angle em = tan- 1(hl13m) with respect to the z direction, having a propagation constant kn2' as diagrammed in Fig. 9. Since the frequency is constant, kn2 == (wlc)n2 is also constant, while em, 13m and hare all parameters associated with the mth mode, with different values for different modes.