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By Rouse G. F., Giddings G. W.
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Additional info for Ionization of Mercury Vapor by Ultra-Violet Light
Its percentage over the total NSDI events increases monotonically as the laser intensity decreases. 17U p − |I p2 |. Here, Er and E s denote the energy of returned electron and struck electron after recollision, respectively. , min(Er /4, E s /4) ≥ Vb . Obviously, the solution of the above 44 3 Double Ionization in Strong Laser Fields Fig. 6 Percentile map for doubly ionizing trajectories at three different laser intensities. All trajectories are classified into two categories based on whether the inner electron is freed through RIDI (hatched area) or RIET (color-filled area).
47, 1945 (1964) [Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307 (1965)]. : Laser Phys. : Can. J. Phys. : Phys. Rev. Lett. : Quantum Chaotic Scattering and Microwave Experiments in Quantum Chaos, Enrico Fermi (1996), G. Casati, I. Guarneri, and U. ) North-Holland (1993). : Nat. Photon. : Sci. : Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. : Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 10, 4079 (2008) References 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. : Sci. : J. Phys. Conf. Ser. : Sci. 282, 1686 (1998) Landsman, A. , Pfeiffer, A. : Phys. Rev. : Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233001 (2008) 50.
The binding energies of the Rybderg states are much smaller than the photon energy. Because the classical elliptic orbit frequencies ( 1/a 3/2 ) are much smaller than the laser frequency, the fast oscillating motion driven by laser field can be safely averaged out and the electrons will finally remain on the elliptical orbits (see Fig. 6b). This is analogous to the stabilization condition for the Rydberg atoms in the low-frequency light field [27– 30]. However, in our case, the electrons are released from the ground state through tunneling rather than prepared in the Rydberg states directly, the stringent atomic stabilization can not be observed.