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By Andrew Wear

This can be a significant synthesis of the information and perform of early smooth English drugs, as expressed in vernacular texts set of their social and cultural contexts. The booklet vividly maps out a few crucial parts: treatments (and how they have been made credible), notions of illness, recommendation on preventive medication and on fit residing, and the way and why surgeons labored at the physique. specifically, of the main high-profile ailments of the age--the pox and the plague--are mentioned intimately, and their remedy analyzed.

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Caius, A Counseil Against the Sweat, p. 6. 42 Knowledge and Practice in English Medicine classically based medicine. James Primrose, a staunch Galenist, pointed out that vernacular books simpli®ed and distorted medicine: Againe they [women] usually take their remedies out of English bookes, or else make use of such as are communicated to them by others, and then they think they have rare remedies for all diseases. 79 In general, the more extreme learned physicians aimed for a cadre of physicians ¯uent in Latin who would take over medical practice; books in English, they believed, at best diluted such learning, and at worse were the means of allowing empirics and others to practise medicine more easily.

N. L. ), The Evolution of Medical Education in Britain (Pitman, London, 1966), pp. 19± 52; Robert G. ), The Collegiate University, vol. III of The History of the University of Oxford (gen. ed. T. H. Aston) (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1986), pp. 213± 57; Peter Murray Jones, `Reading Medicine in Tudor Cambridge' in The History of Medical Education in Britain, pp. 153 ±83; also the sections on European medical education by Olaf Pedersen and Laurence Brockliss, in H. ), A History of the University in Europe (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1996), vol.

It did so in two ways: it took on the role of medicine by explaining why disease occurred and by offering healing through prayer and repentance; and it arrived at a modus vivendi with physicians and their remedies and allowed secular medicine to exist without much interference. Christianity was from its beginning a healing religion. Christ, as a sign of his divinity, had healed the sick in body and mind, and the early Church Fathers and later writers used the image of Christ the Physician, and constantly employed medical metaphors in religious teaching.

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