Download La méthode en sociologie by Jean-Claude Combessie. PDF
By Jean-Claude Combessie.
Une présentation précise et claire des méthodes sociologiques les plus courantes pour en faciliter l. a. connaissance et l. a. mise en oeuvre. Les exemples sont choisis de manière à illustrer quelques-unes des problématiques fondamentales de l. a. sociologie et les questions que pose l'autonomisation relative de l. a. méthode dans los angeles development d'un objet de recherche.
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Extra info for La méthode en sociologie
For Garfinkel, by contrast, the relationship is intentional, interpretive, and reflexive-each next bit of conversation reflecting backward on the mutual understanding of the one that came before-and, only by virtue of the resulting change-or confirmation-in interpretive reflection, projecting an order of next possibilities. In contrast to S-R theory, each bit of conversation displays an active interpretive process, is not causal, and the actors are never passive. Furthermore, action has no mutually intelligible effect-even in reverse-except insofar as it either does or does not exhibit a recognizable orderliness.
The modes of consciousness are so different that one might as well ask the question of two different persons, and assume that the one could answer for the other. Attempts to solve this problem through a full disclosure of the observer's perspective and assumptions (autoethnography) further confuse the issue. The problem is not the assumptions and intentions of the observer, although insofar as they bring scientific assumptions with them those are all problematic. The point is that the social order of the situation has nothing to with intentions and motivations in the first place.
In explaining cognitive styles, as in the case of the library guard, Garfinkel focuses on very concrete matters rather than on discussions in the abstract. There are many similar examples throughout the manuscript. Situated Action and Situated Actors T 27 In earlier passages Garfinkel works carefully against quotes from Schlitz to show how basic sociological conceptions of action and actors, and the data that one would collect in studying them, could be enriched through the incorporation of a more phenomenological view.