Download Landscapes and Landforms of Namibia by Andrew Goudie PDF
By Andrew Goudie
The landscapes of Namibia are of world-class caliber in attractiveness, range and curiosity. This e-book presents the 1st ever evaluate of an important of those landscapes, explains why they give the impression of being as they do, and evaluates why they're of word. Writing from a geomorphological viewpoint, the authors introduce the most important tactics and controls which impression panorama and landform improvement in Namibia. Geological and tectonic historical past, weather now and some time past, crops and animals (including people) are all pointed out as the most important elements influencing the panorama of Namibia this day. The ebook offers twenty one richly-illustrated case experiences of the main major landscapes of Namibia, starting from the long-lasting Etosha Pan on the middle of the largest flora and fauna conservation quarter within the north, to the well-known dunes and ephemeral river at Sossus Vlei within the middle of the Namib wasteland. each one case examine additionally encompasses a complete checklist of the main references to the clinical paintings on that panorama. The authors supply an evaluate of the present country of conservation of those landscapes, and their value to tourism. The publication is usually recommended studying for somebody with a certified or beginner curiosity within the remarkable and interesting landscapes of this a part of southern Africa. It presents an invaluable instruction manual for these vacationing round Namibia, and a useful reference consultant for these attracted to how landscapes advance and alter.
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Namibia also suffers from high rates of evapotranspiration, with the highest rates (>2,500 mm per year) occurring in the south east of the country near Keetmanshoop. 1 Climatic Background 41 units (Lancaster 1982). They are highest of all in the southern coastal Namib, where, according to Lancaster (1984) they reach 2,346–2,823 vector units—among the very highest values that have been determined on Earth. 2 Fig. 5 Fog at Gobabeb country potentially loses more water through evaporation than it receives in rain.
18 Google Earth image of Conception Bay. Scale bar 2 km. Note the small enclosed pan at the northern end and the many old ridges at the southern end (© 2012 Digital Globe, TerraMetrics, Google) 22 lagoon completely to form a coastal pan, and it is possible that this will in due course be the ultimate destiny of the Sandwich and Walvis spits as well. Meob Bay has a small lagoonal pan at its northern end, but its main feature is a suite of ancient recurved spits at its southern end. From Walvis Bay to Lüderitz the coastline is backed by the Namib Sand Sea and large dunes often come right down to the shoreline.
4 Google Earth image of Omatako Mountains. Scale bar is 3 km. (© 2013 Digital Globe) above their surrounding plains. They are also composed of Etjo Sandstone capped by Karoo volcanic rocks (Grünert 2000, p. 33). Around 180 million years ago, Gondwanaland began to split apart. Great eruptions of lava occurred over southern Africa. The split between South America and South Africa started about 132 million years ago in the early Cretaceous, causing huge eruptions of lava now seen in the Etendeka Mountains as the Etendeka Volcanics (Fig.