Download Light and Matter - book 6 - Modern Revolution in Physics by B. Crowell PDF
By B. Crowell
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Additional info for Light and Matter - book 6 - Modern Revolution in Physics
A gamma ray is a form of light. ) Gamma ray 1 is moving in the same direction as the antielectron was initially going, and gamma ray 2 is going in the opposite direction. e. its mass plus its kinetic energy. Find the energies of the two gamma-rays, E1 and E2, in terms of m, the mass of an electron or antielectron, and Eo, the initial mass-energy of the antielectron. ] 11 S. (a) Use the result of problem 6d to show that if light with power P is reflected perpendicularly from a perfectly reflective surface, the force on the surface is 2P/c.
For what it’s worth, Einstein eventually weighed in on the mass-as-an-invariant side of the argument. ) A second invariant is electrical charge. This has been verified to high precision because experiments show that an electric field does not produce any measurable force on a hydrogen atom. If charge varied with speed, then the electron, typically orbiting at about 1% of the speed of light, would not exactly cancel the charge of the proton, and the hydrogen atom would have a net charge. 2 Combination of Velocities The impossibility of motion faster than light is the single most radical difference between relativistic and nonrelativistic physics, and we can get at most of the issues in this chapter by considering the flaws in various plans for going faster than light.
Frame, vanishes. )γcmvcm The quantity in parentheses is the total mass plus the total thermal energy. 6* Proofs 39 Summary Selected Vocabulary invariant ............................ a quantity that does not change when transformed Terminology Used in Some Other Books rest mass ............................ referred to as mass in this book; written as m0 in some books mass .................................. What some books mean by “mass” is our mγ. Summary Other quantities besides space and time, including momentum, force, and energy, are distorted when transformed from one frame to another, just as time and space are.