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Download Mania: A Short History of Bipolar Disorder (Johns Hopkins by David Healy PDF

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By David Healy

This provocative background of bipolar illness illuminates how perceptions of disorder, if now not the health problems themselves, are mutable through the years. starting with the origins of the concept that of mania -- and the time period maniac -- in historic Greek and Roman civilizations, well known psychiatrist David Healy examines how strategies of psychological afflictions developed as clinical breakthroughs verified connections among mind functionality and psychological disorder. Healy recounts the altering definitions of mania throughout the centuries, explores the results of latest terminology and transforming into public wisdom of the affliction on tradition and society, and examines the increase of psychotropic remedies and pharmacological advertising over the last 4 many years. alongside the best way, Healy clears a lot of the confusion surrounding bipolar sickness while he increases an important questions about how, why, and through whom the disorder is clinically determined. Drawing seriously on basic assets and supplemented with interviews and perception received over Healy's lengthy profession, this lucid and interesting evaluation of mania sheds new gentle on one among humankind's so much vexing illnesses.

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Additional info for Mania: A Short History of Bipolar Disorder (Johns Hopkins Biographies of Disease)

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Consider now another of his women from Thasos, who, after giving birth to a daughter, had loss of appetite, despondency (a’´yumow), insomnia, anger, dysphoria (dusfori´ai),17 and a mental state (gn≈mhn) that was melancholic (µelagxolika´). On the basis of these symptoms, she meets modern criteria for an affective disorder. 18 Only 5 percent of the vignette contains material that we might now think refers to a mood disorder. These postpartum manias, as they were called for the following 2,000 years, would now be termed postpartum fevers or infections.

6 Beautiful though this was, this view did nothing to force people to examine what might be happening within their brains when they contemplated the meaning of life, or they fell in love, or they had to tell their children about what it meant to be human. There were many reasons to continue to think that the heart and the blood were the seat of the soul and the seat of life. The blood was clearly warm to the touch. Under the influence of Paracelsus, it came to be seen as a site of fermentation processes, which might deliver heat and energy to various parts of the body, including the brain.

As forces or influences, they penetrated the fabric of the body to “color” individuals and peoples. In the case of blood, this might literally color an individual to make him ruddy but also lead to a sanguine or lively, energetic, and robust temperament. The choleric person was bilious in nature. The term distemper was originally used to indicate a disposition that was out of balance or a crisis that stemmed from dispositional factors rather than from acute disturbances of the more visible humors—something we might now talk of in terms of personality problems rather than acute breakdowns.

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