Download Microsoft, Antitrust and the New Economy (The Milken by David S. Evans PDF
By David S. Evans
No antitrust case in contemporary heritage has attracted as a lot public awareness as U.S v. Microsoft Corp. Nor has any antitrust case in reminiscence raised as many complicated, substantial problems with legislations, economics and public coverage. Microsoft, Antitrust and the recent economic climate: chosen Essays constitutes an early attempt to investigate many of the critical matters and to place the case within the context of the continuing debate over the position of presidency in dealing with markets - in particular in expertise pushed New economic climate industries. All of those essays, it may be famous, are written by means of critics of the government's efforts to manage Microsoft. certainly, many are via people who have been heavily interested by the company's felony safeguard and served as specialists to Microsoft. yet their paintings will be judged at the advantages instead of their provenance. For all characterize critical scholarship through researchers dedicated to advancing the controversy over govt regulatory rules.
Read or Download Microsoft, Antitrust and the New Economy (The Milken Institute Series on Financial Innovation and Economic Growth) PDF
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Extra info for Microsoft, Antitrust and the New Economy (The Milken Institute Series on Financial Innovation and Economic Growth)
This article also argues that the district court’s Findings of Fact did not support its conclusions that Microsoft had violated Sections 1 and 2 of the Sherman Act. 12 The district court did not accept the government’s claims that almost everything Microsoft did to win the browser war violated the Sherman Act. 13 Yet there was no evidence in the record that the actions the district court found unlawful had a material effect on Netscape’s share of browser use, or significantly harmed consumers. 14 Yet no evidence was offered that there was significant demand for a browser-disabled software platform, and no other vendor promoted a browser-disabled version of its platform.
The government also claimed that getting software developers to write applications for Windows was mainly intended to erect a barrier to entry into operating systems. Yet any company that wants to supply a software platform must invest in supporting the applications developer side of the market as well as the end-user side of the market. The developer side of the market is an important source of value to consumers, one in which platform vendors can invest, just as they can invest in technical R&D to improve quality or in more effective distribution.
This was the major theme of the government’s case: Microsoft tried to prevent the “erosion” of the applications barrier to entry to avert “commoditization” of the operating system. Distinguishing Between Competition and Predation From this perspective, almost everything Microsoft did to popularize its browsing software – and much that it did to improve its software platform – crossed the line from competitive to predatory behavior. …Microsoft’s internal documents make it clear that Microsoft undertook its browser development not to make money from browsers…but to prevent Netscape’s browser from facilitating competition with Microsoft’s monopoly operating system.