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Download Mind design II: philosophy, psychology, artificial by John Haugeland PDF

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By John Haugeland

Brain layout is the undertaking to appreciate brain (thinking, mind) by way of its layout (how it really is outfitted, the way it works). in contrast to conventional empirical psychology, it truly is extra orientated towards the "how" than the "what. An scan in brain layout is prone to be an try and construct whatever and make it paintings - as in synthetic intelligence - than to watch or learn what already exists. brain layout is psychology through opposite engineering.

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Extra info for Mind design II: philosophy, psychology, artificial intelligence

Example text

Constructing instruction tables is usually described as "programming". To "program a machine to carry out the operation A" means to put the appropriate instruction table into the machine so that it will do A. An interesting variant on the idea of a digital computer is a digital computer with a random element. These have instructions involving the throwing of a die or some equivalent electronic process; one such instruction might for instance be Throw the die and put the resulting number into store 1000.

We cannot expect to find a good child-machine at the first attempt. One must experiment with teaching one such machine and see how well it learns. One can then try another and see if it is better or worse.

We shall see this question in a different light later. 4 Digital computers The idea behind digital computers may be explained by saying that these machines are intended to carry out any operations which could be done by a human computer. The human computer is supposed to be following fixed rules; he has no authority to deviate from them in any detail. We may suppose that these rules are supplied in a book, which is altered whenever he is put on to a new job. He has also an unlimited supply of paper on which he does his calculations.

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