Human Geography

Download Navigating Social-Ecological Systems: Building Resilience by Fikret Berkes, Fikret Berkes, Johan Colding, Carl Folke PDF

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By Fikret Berkes, Fikret Berkes, Johan Colding, Carl Folke

Drawing on complicated platforms conception, this publication investigates how human societies take care of switch in associated social-ecological platforms, and construct capability to evolve to alter. the concept that of resilience is imperative during this context. Resilient social-ecological platforms have the capability to maintain improvement in a fashion that doesn't bring about lack of destiny strategies. Resilient platforms offer means for renewal and innovation within the face of swift transformation and predicament. Case experiences and examples from numerous geographic parts, cultures and source forms are incorporated; merging vanguard examine from typical sciences, social sciences and the arts into an cutting edge framework for sustainable structures.

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Such management is based on a thinking of linear models and mechanistic views of nature. It aims to reduce natural variation in an effort to make an ecosystem more productive, predictable, economically efficient, and controllable. But the reduction of the range of natural variation is the very process that may lead to a loss of resilience in a system, leaving it more susceptible to resource and environmental crises (Holling and Meffe, 1996). Taken together, these implications of complex systems thinking suggest the need for a new kind of resource and environmental management science that takes a critical view of the notions of control and prediction.

We describe each briefly here because many of the chapters in this volume borrow from the approaches and terminology of these fields. Environmental ethics arose from the need to develop a philosophy of relations between humans and their environment, because conventional ethics only applied to relations among people. A number of schools of environmental ethics have emerged, including the ecosophy of Naess (1989). Particularly relevant to this volume, a discussion has developed on the subject of worldviews, pointing out that there is a wide diversity of spiritual and ethical traditions in the world that helps offer alternatives to the current views of the place of humans in the ecosystem (Callicott, 1994).

Available from the Internet. htm Kauffman, S. 1993. The Origins of Order. New York: Oxford University Press. A. 1977. An epitaph for the concept of maximum sustained yield. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 106: 1–11. A. 1999a. Fragile Dominion: Complexity and the Commons. Reading, MA: Perseus Books. A. 1999b. Towards a science of ecological management. Conservation Ecology 3 (2): 6. , et al. 1998. Resilience in natural and socioeconomic systems. Environment and Development Economics 3: 225–36.

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