Download Nuclear Waste: A Technological and Political Challenge by Piero Risoluti PDF
By Piero Risoluti
Disposal of the wastes produced by means of the peaceable functions of nuclear power is often perceived as the most complicated environmental difficulties of our time. facts of this main issue is noticeable within the problems encountered in deciding upon appropriate websites for ultimate repositories for this waste – problems that significantly impact the full factor of the social reputation of nuclear energy.
Nevertheless, technology and know-how are capable this day to supply secure and trustworthy recommendations for the disposal of nuclear waste, even more so than for the other detrimental spinoff of business activities.
This discrepancy among public conception and real technological achievements is essentially the results of a disinformation crusade perpetuated for nearly 1 / 4 of century via antinuclear activists. This has been compounded by means of the shortcoming of a good reaction from scientists and engineers concerned with waste administration, a lot of whom, in particular after Chernobyl, didn't think cozy conversing out in public in defence of the expertise they'd constructed.
This publication attempts to give an explanation for the foundation of the detrimental public notion of nuclear power and introduces the main major around the globe technical achievements in nuclear waste disposal.
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Additional resources for Nuclear Waste: A Technological and Political Challenge
If, as we simplified above, for ideological ecology, nuclear energy became the energy of the Right, reprocessing was to the right of the Right, while direct disposal of spent fuel became, so to speak, the left of the right. How can this be explained? Considering that we are talking of ideological environmentalists, the reasons are obviously not to be found in the technical and economic logic of the fuel cycle (which actually has put an end to reprocessing), nor in the real environmental aspects of the two radioactive waste management options we have discussed above.
Much more, the accident shook the nuclear industry, as we have seen, and this is also something to think over. After Three Mile Island, it never occurred to scientists and engineers to take into account the economic worries of nuclear entrepreneurs and plant owners, quite often their own employers, and to try and relieve the impacts of new design and operation criteria - nor did scientists and engineers consider them excessively binding. This again shows how little nuclear experts have been responsive to lobby interests, despite what the antinuclear activists, always short of sound arguments, have never ceased to hint.
If in other European countries the struggle of antinuclear movement has a rather ecological character, aimed at preventing pollution and negative environmental impact, in Italy our objective is to fight the 46 interests of multinational Companies and those of national industries allied with them[ ... ]. That's enough, we believe, to realize to what extent environmental protection, which means the protection of nature and of human beings from pollution and degradation, was a worry for the Italian ecologists ofthe seventies.