Download Ottoman Civil Officialdom: A Social History by Carter Vaughn Findley PDF
By Carter Vaughn Findley
During this sequel to his hugely acclaimed Bureaucratic Reform within the Ottoman Empire, Carter Findley shifts concentration from the organizational facets of administrative reform and improvement to the officers themselves. A research in social background and its cultural and monetary ramifications, Findley's new e-book severely reassesses Ottoman accomplishments and screw ups in turning an archaic scribal corps into a good civil service.
Combining scrutiny of well-documented people with analyses of enormous teams of officers, Findley considers how a lot the advance of civil officialdom benefited Ottoman efforts to revitalize the country and guard its pursuits in an more and more aggressive global. Did reformers' projects in elite formation considerably increase the social bases of officialdom and its capability to symbolize Ottoman society? Did potential officers cash in on academic reform so one can in attaining greater degrees of qualification over the generations? How did cultural tensions of the reform period have an effect on civil officers? To what volume did impersonal method and new rules of professionalism supplant patronage and outdated scribal position strategies? How good did the kingdom reach profitable strong provider and keeping its officers opposed to transferring fiscal stipulations? The solutions to such questions light up significant problems with social integration and cultural switch and make clear hyperlinks among financial stipulations and altering kinds of political activism.
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Extra resources for Ottoman Civil Officialdom: A Social History
Allowing for scribes known to have served elsewhere in this period, either in other departments in the capital or in the provinces, we can estimate the total size of the scribal service, as of the year 1 790, at about 2,000 men. 42 The number seems startlingly small for an empire of such size, but is not implausible, considering that scribal officials had never yet ac quired primary responsibility for local administration. The source for establishing the size of civil officialdom a century later is the personnel records.
Faztl Yenisey, Istanbul, 1 963; Finn, Early Turkish Novel, 65-74 ; Evin, Origins, 1 58-- 72. 24 In this case, the modem Turkish edition (the only one readily available to me) omits the author's byname Mizancz and bears a different title from the Ottoman original: Mehmet Murat, Mansur Bey, ed. M. Ertugrul Diizdag, Istanbul, 1 972. Cf. Finn, Early Turkish Novel, 5 1-64; Evin, Origins, 1 1 3--28. Why Study Ottoman Officials? I 1 3 rather reflects Ottoman traditions and nineteenth-century socioeconomic conditions.
Other measures defined systems for the investigation and prosecution of officials accused of mis deeds. 52 Meanwhile, a series of civil officials commissions developed in different ministries, the upshot being a central Civil Officials Commission (Memurin-i Mulkiye Komisyonu), created in 1 896 to supervise both the personnel records system and the appointment of "civil and financial of ficials. " Thereafter, virtually all such officials-excepting only the highest, whom the sultan appointed on his own initiative or the grand vezir's, and the lowest, who were still appointed by their superiors-were to be nomi nated by their ministries, recommended (after examination of their per sonnel files) by the Civil Officials Commission to the palace, and then, following another investigation of their files, appointed by imperial decree.