Download Rationality and the Good: Critical Essays on the Ethics and by Mark Timmons PDF
By Mark Timmons
For over thirty years, Robert Audi has produced very important paintings in ethics, epistemology, and the speculation of motion. This quantity beneficial properties 13 new serious essays on Audi by way of a distinct crew of authors: Fred Adams, William Alston, Laurence BonJour, Roger Crisp, Elizabeth Fricker, Bernard Gert, Thomas Hurka, Hugh McCann, Al Mele, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Raimo Tuomela, Candace Vogler, and Timothy Williamson. Audi's introductory essay offers a thematic review interconnecting his perspectives in ethics, epistemology, and philosophy of motion. the quantity concludes along with his accomplished reaction essay that yields an illuminating conversation with all his critics and infrequently extends his earlier paintings.
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Additional resources for Rationality and the Good: Critical Essays on the Ethics and Epistemology of Robert Audi
References Audi, Robert. 1993. The Structure of Justiﬁcation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ——. 1996. Intuitionism, Pluralism, and the Foundations of Ethics. , ed. W. Sinnott-Armstrong and M. Timmons. New York: Oxford University Press. ——. 2001. The Architecture of Reason. New York: Oxford University Press. ——. 2004. The Good in the Right: A Theory of Intuition and Intrinsic Value. : Princeton University Press. Fogelin, Robert, and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong. 2005. Understanding Arguments, 7th ed.
Then the reﬂection is inadequate to justify its conclusion, as Audi recognizes. To make a moral belief justiﬁed, reﬂection must have certain properties: it must be careful and long enough, it must not be distorted by ignorance or self-interest, and so on. Beliefs like these—about when reﬂection is adequate— are surely common. The question is whether they are necessary. Audi implicitly suggests the need for such second-order beliefs when he describes his poetic example (although his other examples would work as well).
Ross’s theory, for example, is quite hard to understand, and since it postulates fairly stringent moral demands, people will anyway be inclined to resist it. This point goes some way to explaining disagreement among the less reﬂective and the morally weak. But it does not touch disagreement between, say, Rossians and utilitarians, many of whom presumably have a good grasp of the various positions in play, and are both advocating potentially stringent views. Audi’s second argument, however, does focus on philosophers.