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Download Saudi Arabia and the Gulf Arab States Today: An Encyclopedia by Sebastian Maisel, John A. Shoup PDF

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By Sebastian Maisel, John A. Shoup

This super well timed and necessary prepared reference will familiarize all scholars and readers with the Gulf quarter and Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Dubai, the UAE, Kuwait, Oman, Yemen, and Qatar. those states are certain by way of the barren region tradition, the Gulf, new oil financial system, and Islam, to call a few commonalities. such a lot american citizens recognize whatever concerning the area, reminiscent of oases, dates, camels, oil, Bedouin tribes, and the legends of Lawrence of Arabia to Osama bin weighted down. Islamic suggestions and practices are nonetheless unusual. On one severe, Saudi Arabia, the cradle of Islam, has been principally closed off to Western travelers. at the different severe, Dubai courts vacationer cash because it constructs glossy architectural showcases. this is often the 1st A-Z encyclopedia to target the Gulf, illuminating the land, humans, faith, tradition and traditions, associations, financial system, and masses extra for normal readers. The greater than two hundred essay entries have a present concentration with historic context as necessary.The breadth of insurance implies that this source could be of use for a variety of researchers and browsers. along with person entries on each one country, significant towns and areas also are profiled. The typical atmosphere and human version to it gets major house. Islamic customs and ideas and diverse interpretations are sincerely defined. Essays on issues corresponding to key public figures, associations, significant occasions, politics, and kingdom structures—some in response to resources frequently now not to be had in English—make this two-volume set the first-choice source for actual info. feedback for extra studying accompany so much entries; a chronology, chosen bibliography, and images additionally supplement the textual content.

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From the mid-1960s Abu Dhabi has been building infrastructure in the smaller emirates and supporting other Arab and Muslim countries through the Abu Dhabi Fund for Development. Today Abu Dhabi boasts modern roads and housing, a system of schools, modern health care, civil institutions, and a vibrant private sector. The emirate boasts clean, well-maintained, garden-filled, well-lit cities with a growing number of recreational, entertainment, and cultural opportunities for its citizens and the large multinational expatriate population that lives within it.

Onshore, Abu Dhabi Petroleum Company discovered oil at al Bab in 1958. By the mid-1960s, five super giant fields had been discovered and now, because of hydrocarbon export, Abu Dhabi residents are some of the wealthiest citizens in the world. Today, there are approximately 1,000 producing wells in Abu Dhabi, providing almost unlimited funds for development. 6 Agriculture: Traditional and Commercial In 1968, the British announced their impending withdrawal from the Gulf. In 1971, the federation of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) was created from seven independent emirates.

Under the shade of the palm canopy the temperatures can be some ten to fifteen degrees cooler than outside of the oasis. A healthy oasis usually has a second layer of trees and shrubs such as olive, citrus, fig, pomegranate, henna, or mango that help keep the ground temperature cool and allow more sensitive vegetables to grow. The date palm is naturally a shrub rather than a tree and takes on the tall, treelike shape only with the interference of man. Trimming off the lower fronds causes the plant to continue to grow upward and careful yearly pruning is needed to produce the shade canopy.

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